2024/05/19 更新

写真a

スガワラ シンエツ
菅原 慎悦
SUGAWARA,Shinetsu
所属
社会安全学部 准教授
職名
准教授
外部リンク

研究分野

  • 人文・社会 / 科学社会学、科学技術史

  • エネルギー / 原子力工学

論文

  • How useful is setting safety goals?

    Shin‐etsu Sugawara

    Risk Analysis   2024年5月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Wiley  

    Abstract

    The study explores the multifaceted role of safety goals in fostering a risk‐informed culture, reflecting the global experience within the nuclear safety domain. Analysis of the phases of transition evoked by establishing and applying safety goals sheds light on the need for epistemic, reflexive, and practical transitions for better management of nuclear safety. This pivotal role of safety goals underscores the importance of recognizing them not as ready‐to‐use turnkey products but as catalysts for stakeholder dialog, reassessment of existing safety paradigms, and regulatory framework refinement. Finally, this study explores the challenges associated with standardizing safety goals globally and navigating the transition process within the framework of transition management.

    DOI: 10.1111/risa.14320

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  • Towards “extended” safety goals (Conceptual exploration of safety goals for microreactors)

    Shin-etsu SUGAWARA

    Mechanical Engineering Journal   2024年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1299/mej.23-00375

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  • リスク・ガバナンス : 分け過ぎることに抗して—Risk Governance : Resisting Excessive Articulation—特集 MIPプロジェクト

    菅原 慎悦

    リスク学研究 = Japanese journal of risk analysis / 日本リスク学会学会誌編集委員会 編   33 ( 3 )   113 - 124   2024年

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:東京 : 日本リスク学会  

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  • ウラン含有廃棄物の取扱いに関する人文・社会科学的視点からの考察

    保田 浩志, 齋藤 龍郎, 麓 弘道, 菅原 慎悦, 土田 昭司, 笠井 篤, 古田 定昭

    保健物理   58 ( 3 )   120 - 134   2023年11月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:一般社団法人日本保健物理学会  

    DOI: 10.5453/jhps.58.120

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  • The multistability of predictive technology in nuclear disasters

    Shin-etsu Sugawara

    Social Studies of Science   2023年8月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1177/03063127231161609

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  • 「嫌とは言えない」状況の倫理的考察 : 災害研究における文脈考慮型自律の提案 [印刷前原稿]

    菅原, 慎悦

    社会安全学研究 = Journal of societal safety sciences   14   1 - 25   2023年5月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(大学,研究機関等紀要)   出版者・発行元:関西大学 社会安全研究センター  

    2021年度関西大学若手研究者育成経費「災害研究における倫理的考慮の具体化に向けた研究」

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  • Ensuring a prudent combination of risk insights and a defense-in-depth philosophy through a reinterpretation of hierarchical safety goals

    Shin-etsu Sugawara

    Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology   2022年11月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1080/00223131.2022.2142310

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  • Eliminating Human Agency: Why Does Japan Abandon Predictive Simulations?

    Shin-etsu Sugawara

    Science, Technology, & Human Values   2021年10月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1177/01622439211051777

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  • Structural Ignorance of Expertise in Nuclear Safety Controversies: Case Analysis of Post-Fukushima Japan

    Kohta Juraku, Shin-Etsu Sugawara

    Nuclear Technology   1 - 19   2021年9月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Informa {UK} Limited  

    DOI: 10.1080/00295450.2021.1908075

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  • 原子力分野における安全目標と その社会的議論の批判的分析—リスク観の転換に向けて

    菅原 慎悦

    年報 科学・技術・社会   30   3 - 33   2021年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:科学社会学会  

    DOI: 10.32189/jjsts.30.0_3

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  • 新聞メディアはCOVID-19をどう報じたか? : 全国紙における「接触8割減」の内容分析—How the COVID-19 was reported by print media? : Content analysis of "reducing contact by 80 percent" in Japanese major newspapers 査読

    菅原 慎悦, 小林 誠道, 長井 裕傑

    社会安全学研究 = Journal of societal safety sciences   11   57 - 81   2021年3月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:関西大学 社会安全研究センター  

    This study explores how the COVID-19 was reported in Japanese media focusing particularly on 'reducing contact by 80 percent', an oft-mentioned policy slogan during the emergency period. Our qualitative content analysis of five major newspapers in Japan between 1 April and 30 June shows that media agenda had shifted from 'socializing the slogan of 'reducing contact by 80 percent'' to 'highlighting unachieved status against this goal', and to 'reviewing the boundary between science and politics'. By and large, our analysis indicates that Japanese print media coverage were modest and 'media hype' was not observed. Rather, the slogan had been emphatically represented as a 'scientific' and thus an uncompromised goal, which might orient people toward selfrestraint behavior. Meanwhile, it may have hindered the public from scrutinizing the incertitude of scientific expertise which supported governmental decisions.
    本研究の一部は,JSPS科研費 19K15271 の助成を受けた。

    DOI: 10.32286/00023048

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    その他リンク: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/00023048

  • Post-fukushima controversy on SPEEDI system: Contested imaginary of real-time simulation technology for emergency radiation protection

    Sugawara, S.-E., Juraku, K.

    The Sociotechnical Constitution of Resilience: A New Perspective on Governing Risk and Disaster   2018年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-8509-3_9

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  • 誰がリスク管理を担うべきか : 安全協定をめぐる議論に欠けているもの (特集 原発回帰という隘路)

    菅原 慎悦

    都市問題   106 ( 8 )   14 - 19   2015年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:後藤・安田記念東京都市研究所  

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  • 原子力防災と地方自治体 (特集 東日本大震災、自治体、危機管理)

    菅原 慎悦, 城山 英明

    自治体危機管理研究 : 日本自治体危機管理学会誌   9 ( 0 )   59 - 69   2012年3月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本自治体危機管理学会  

    コレクション : 国立国会図書館デジタルコレクション > デジタル化資料 > 雑誌

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  • 原子力安全規制の国と地方の役割分担に関する制度設計案の検討 査読

    菅原慎悦, 城山英明, 西脇由弘, 諸葛宗男

    日本原子力学会和文論文誌   11 ( 1 )   37 - 48   2012年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本原子力学会  

      In this paper, we consider the concept and the concrete direction of the institutional design concerning role-sharing between national and local governments with respect to nuclear safety regulation, and propose the following four institutional options: 1) strengthen the regulatory body's independence and clarify its accountability, 2) establish a local information committee in reference to the French CLI (Commission Locale d'Information), 3) institutionalize the environmental monitoring of local governments, and 4) institutionalize consultation among the regulatory body and local governments. Options 2, 3, and 4 are designed on the assumption that option 1 is implemented, because it is thought to be essential for fundamental improvements to enhance the regulatory body's ability as well as to reinforce bridges between safety regulation and society. Each option has some advantages and disadvantages, so there is room for further research into achieving reforms. However, it is believed that these institutional options can lead to the development of a trusting relationship between organizations responsible for safety regulation and siting areas and to the reduction in consensus-building costs in local areas.<br>

    DOI: 10.3327/taesj.J10.034

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  • 原子力安全協定をめぐる一考察:公害防止協定との比較を通じて 査読

    菅原慎悦, 田邉朋行, 木村浩

    日本原子力学会和文論文誌   10 ( 2 )   119 - 131   2011年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本原子力学会  

      In this paper, we made a comparison of application between nuclear safety agreements and pollution control agreements, and considered how to improve the way of applying the former. In order to comprehend the actual status of pollution control agreements, we conducted some hearings with the Chiba Prefecture and the Chiba City because there have been few empirical studies on the application of pollution control agreements. Based on these hearings, we found it a characteristic point of pollution control agreement that quantitative standards for emission function are the main criteria of application which local governments and utilities establish through negotiations. In contrast, the ways of applying nuclear safety agreements are often ambiguous because there are no clear criteria. This comparison suggests that the stakeholders around nuclear safety agreements discuss and agree to set out concrete standards of application of nuclear safety agreements as well as pollution control agreements. However, such a difference between the two could be an indication of the difficulty to create a consensus among stakeholders in the case of nuclear safety agreement given the historical context and the differences of risk characteristics. In that case, it can be found useful for risk governance that one introduce the idea of participatory risk management to the application of nuclear safety agreements.<br>

    DOI: 10.3327/taesj.J10.019

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  • 原子力施設をめぐる自治体関与の日仏比較分析 査読

    菅原 慎悦, 城山 英明

    土木学会論文集D3(土木計画学)   67 ( 4 )   441 - 454   2011年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:公益社団法人 土木学会  

    本研究では,フランス地域情報委員会(CLI)関係者へのインタビュー調査に基づき,原子力施設をめぐる日本とフランスの自治体関与のあり方を整理した上で両国の比較分析を行い,フランス事例の日本への示唆となる点を指摘する.その結果,両国ではローカル・コンテクストの差が大きいものの,それを考慮した上でなお参照に値する示唆として,(1)原子力規制体系への自治体の位置づけの明確化,(2)事業者及び規制機関と自治体との双方向コミュニケーションの回路の確保,(3)規制目的としての「透明性確保」の明示化,という3点を得た.

    DOI: 10.2208/jscejipm.67.441

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  • 原子力安全協定の現状と課題--自治体の役割を中心に (特集 安全確保のための取組--事故・インシデント等への対応を中心に)

    菅原 慎悦

    ジュリスト   ( 1399 )   35 - 43   2010年4月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:有斐閣  

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  • フランス地域情報委員会の原子力規制ガバナンス上の役割 査読

    菅原慎悦, 城山英明

    日本原子力学会和文論文誌   9 ( 4 )   368 - 383   2010年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本原子力学会  

      In France, there exist organizations called “Commission Locale d'Information” (CLI) in all the siting areas where nuclear facilities located. Previously, the CLI organizations were established voluntarily by some local governments or nuclear utilities. Since 2006, however, the Nuclear Transparency and Safety Act has obliged the establishment of CLI in all the siting areas in conjunction with reforming the nuclear regulatory agencies. This means that the concerned local governments are officially part of nuclear safety regulation. In this study, we investigated present conditions of the CLI organizations through some interviews in France and consider their roles from the standpoint of nuclear regulatory governance. As a result, we found that the CLI plays the following roles: (1) medium of communication among concerned parties (not only between nuclear utilities and local habitants but also between the national nuclear regulatory agency and various local governments) and (2) implementing various activities in accordance with each local condition through the participation of local assembly members. In addition, we clarified that CLI's activities are supported by related institutional infrastructures, such as cost burden between central and local governments, and some other systems of citizen participation in building or expanding nuclear facilities.<br>

    DOI: 10.3327/taesj.J10.005

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  • 原子力発電所に対する自治体関与のあり方についての一考察:浜岡の安全協定を例に 査読

    菅原 慎悦, 木村 浩, 班目 春樹

    土木学会論文集D   66 ( 3 )   316 - 328   2010年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:公益社団法人 土木学会  

    本研究では,文献調査と関係者へのインタビューをもとに,事前了解条項を持たない浜岡協定を通じて自治体がどう関与しているのかを明らかにし,その背景要因を考察した.結果,関係自治体は事前了解項目を敢えて盛り込まず,技術的判断を避ける形で運用を行ってきたこと,県よりも立地地域の判断が意思決定の中心にあること,隣接自治体でも立地自治体と同様のプロセスが展開されること等が明らかとなった.こうした自治体の関与を他立地と比較すると,自治体に規制権限のない現行法制と齟齬が少ない点,且つ自治体・事業者ともに過度な政治的負担を避けうる点が,特長といえる.こうした関与が可能となっている一因として,浜岡協定が早い段階から隣接自治体も巻き込んだ形で締結され,幅広いステークホルダーの関与を実現してきたことが挙げられる.

    DOI: 10.2208/jscejd.66.316

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  • 高レベル放射性廃棄物最終処分場の立地プロセスをめぐる科学技術社会学的考察--原発立地問題からの「教訓」と制度設計の「失敗」

    菅原 慎悦, 寿楽 浩太

    年報科学・技術・社会   19   25 - 51   2010年

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:科学・技術と社会の会  

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  • 安全協定にみる自治体と事業者との関係の変遷 査読

    菅原 慎悦, 稲村 智昌, 木村 浩, 班目 春樹

    日本原子力学会和文論文誌   8 ( 2 )   154 - 164   2009年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本原子力学会  

      In Japan, safety of nuclear facilities is regulated by the central government and local governments are responsible for protecting the local public. To operate nuclear facilities in local communities, local governments would conclude safety agreements with power companies. In recent years, local governments have used the safety agreements as excuse for delaying the operations of nuclear facilities. The legal basis of the safety agreements was questioned by some who considered that this was the cause of the stranded relationship between local governments and power companies, and in some cases, the interrupted nature of electricity supply. To understand the sources of this difficult relationship, safety agreements must be analyzed, although these documents may have undergone revisions, and various regulations may have changed. By analyzing the safety agreements and revisions, we found that the relationship between local governments and power companies gradually changed over time, which can be divided into the following 3 stages: (1) in the early 70s, the dawn stage when local governments groped with the situation of nuclear facilities built in their communities; (2) from late 70s to 90s, the stage when local governments demanded information, and (3) from late 90s to present, the stage when local governments demand information and trustworthiness. This paper shows the results of analyzing the relationship changes between local governments and power companies. We conclude that viewpoints of local governments on nuclear power evolve, as social responsibilities of power companies stipulated in safety agreements also evolve over time.<br>

    DOI: 10.3327/taesj.J07.048

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