Updated on 2024/05/19

写真a

 
SUGAWARA,Shinetsu
 
Organization
Faculty of Societal Safety Sciences Associate Professor
Title
Associate Professor
External link

Research Areas

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Sociology of science, history of science and technology

  • Energy Engineering / Nuclear engineering

Papers

  • How useful is setting safety goals?

    Shin‐etsu Sugawara

    Risk Analysis   2024.5

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley  

    Abstract

    The study explores the multifaceted role of safety goals in fostering a risk‐informed culture, reflecting the global experience within the nuclear safety domain. Analysis of the phases of transition evoked by establishing and applying safety goals sheds light on the need for epistemic, reflexive, and practical transitions for better management of nuclear safety. This pivotal role of safety goals underscores the importance of recognizing them not as ready‐to‐use turnkey products but as catalysts for stakeholder dialog, reassessment of existing safety paradigms, and regulatory framework refinement. Finally, this study explores the challenges associated with standardizing safety goals globally and navigating the transition process within the framework of transition management.

    DOI: 10.1111/risa.14320

    researchmap

  • Towards “extended” safety goals (Conceptual exploration of safety goals for microreactors)

    Shin-etsu SUGAWARA

    Mechanical Engineering Journal   2024

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1299/mej.23-00375

    researchmap

  • リスク・ガバナンス : 分け過ぎることに抗して—Risk Governance : Resisting Excessive Articulation—特集 MIPプロジェクト

    菅原 慎悦

    リスク学研究 = Japanese journal of risk analysis / 日本リスク学会学会誌編集委員会 編   33 ( 3 )   113 - 124   2024

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publisher:東京 : 日本リスク学会  

    CiNii Books

    researchmap

  • Investigation on the Management of Uranium-Containing Wastes in View of Humanities and Social Sciences

    YASUDA Hiroshi, SAITO Tatsuo, FUMOTO Hiromichi, SUGAWARA Shin-etsu, TSUCHIDA Shoji, KASAI Atsushi, FURUTA Sadaaki

    Japanese Journal of Health Physics   58 ( 3 )   120 - 134   2023.11

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publisher:Japan Health Physics Society  

    Uranium waste, which is one of the wastes containing radioactive substances of natural origin, is generated in association with the use of nuclear power generation. While there have been long discussions about handling and disposal of the uranium wastes for last 50 years in Japan, its clear vision including a specific disposal site has not yet been received. For improving this situation, the authors perceived that it is necessary to refocus this issue from the view of humanities and social sciences, rather than that of natural science and engineering and have had in-depth discussions in a specialized study group established in the Japan Health Physics Society. This commentary provides an overview of the two-year discussions in that group.

    DOI: 10.5453/jhps.58.120

    researchmap

  • The multistability of predictive technology in nuclear disasters

    Shin-etsu Sugawara

    Social Studies of Science   2023.8

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1177/03063127231161609

    researchmap

  • Revisiting "I couldn't say 'no' to participating" Disaster Research Ethics and Context-Informed Autonomy

    Sugawara, Shin-etsu

    14   1 - 25   2023.5

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

    By revisiting the narrative of “I couldn’t say ‘no’ to participating,” this study explores the concept of autonomy in disaster research ethics. While conventional research ethics have been grounded on the Kantonian conception of autonomy, it has caused friction with the practical settings of disaster studies. Accordingly, the author proposes a new perspective on autonomy called as “context-informed autonomy.” It requires to ensure the perceived feasibility of nonparticipation choice for the research subject, with taking into consideration his/hers situatedness which entails the things beyond his/hers control.

    CiNii Books

    researchmap

  • Ensuring a prudent combination of risk insights and a defense-in-depth philosophy through a reinterpretation of hierarchical safety goals

    Shin-etsu Sugawara

    Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology   2022.11

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1080/00223131.2022.2142310

    researchmap

  • Eliminating Human Agency: Why Does Japan Abandon Predictive Simulations?

    Shin-etsu Sugawara

    Science, Technology, & Human Values   2021.10

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1177/01622439211051777

    researchmap

  • Structural Ignorance of Expertise in Nuclear Safety Controversies: Case Analysis of Post-Fukushima Japan

    Kohta Juraku, Shin-Etsu Sugawara

    Nuclear Technology   1 - 19   2021.9

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Informa {UK} Limited  

    DOI: 10.1080/00295450.2021.1908075

    researchmap

  • 原子力分野における安全目標と その社会的議論の批判的分析—リスク観の転換に向けて

    菅原 慎悦

    年報 科学・技術・社会   30   3 - 33   2021.6

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publisher:科学社会学会  

    DOI: 10.32189/jjsts.30.0_3

    researchmap

  • 新聞メディアはCOVID-19をどう報じたか? : 全国紙における「接触8割減」の内容分析—How the COVID-19 was reported by print media? : Content analysis of "reducing contact by 80 percent" in Japanese major newspapers Reviewed

    菅原 慎悦, 小林 誠道, 長井 裕傑

    社会安全学研究 = Journal of societal safety sciences   11   57 - 81   2021.3

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publisher:関西大学 社会安全研究センター  

    This study explores how the COVID-19 was reported in Japanese media focusing particularly on 'reducing contact by 80 percent', an oft-mentioned policy slogan during the emergency period. Our qualitative content analysis of five major newspapers in Japan between 1 April and 30 June shows that media agenda had shifted from 'socializing the slogan of 'reducing contact by 80 percent'' to 'highlighting unachieved status against this goal', and to 'reviewing the boundary between science and politics'. By and large, our analysis indicates that Japanese print media coverage were modest and 'media hype' was not observed. Rather, the slogan had been emphatically represented as a 'scientific' and thus an uncompromised goal, which might orient people toward selfrestraint behavior. Meanwhile, it may have hindered the public from scrutinizing the incertitude of scientific expertise which supported governmental decisions.
    本研究の一部は,JSPS科研費 19K15271 の助成を受けた。

    DOI: 10.32286/00023048

    CiNii Books

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/00023048

  • Post-fukushima controversy on SPEEDI system: Contested imaginary of real-time simulation technology for emergency radiation protection

    Sugawara, S.-E., Juraku, K.

    The Sociotechnical Constitution of Resilience: A New Perspective on Governing Risk and Disaster   2018

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-8509-3_9

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • 誰がリスク管理を担うべきか : 安全協定をめぐる議論に欠けているもの (特集 原発回帰という隘路)

    菅原 慎悦

    都市問題   106 ( 8 )   14 - 19   2015.8

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publisher:後藤・安田記念東京都市研究所  

    CiNii Books

    researchmap

  • トクシュウ ヒガシニホン ダイシンサイ 、 ジチタイ 、 キキ カンリ

    9 ( 0 )   59 - 69   2012.3

     More details

    Language:Japanese  

    CiNii Books

    researchmap

  • A study on the institutional design concerning role-sharing between national and local governments about nuclear safety regulation in Japan Reviewed

    Shin-Etsu Sugawara, Hideaki Shiroyama, Yoshihiro Nishiwaki, Muneo Morokuzu

    Transactions of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan   11 ( 1 )   37 - 48   2012

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Atomic Energy Society of Japan  

    In this paper, we consider the concept and the concrete direction of the institutional design concerning role-sharing between national and local governments with respect to nuclear safety regulation, and propose the following four institutional options: 1) strengthen the regulatory body's independence and clarify its accountability, 2) establish a local information committee in reference to the French CLI (Commission Locale d'Information), 3) institutionalize the environmental monitoring of local governments, and 4) institutionalize consultation among the regulatory body and local governments. Options 2, 3, and 4 are designed on the assumption that option 1 is implemented, because it is thought to be essential for fundamental improvements to enhance the regulatory body's ability as well as to reinforce bridges between safety regulation and society. Each option has some advantages and disadvantages, so there is room for further research into achieving reforms. However, it is believed that these institutional options can lead to the development of a trusting relationship between organizations responsible for safety regulation and siting areas and to the reduction in consensus-building costs in local areas. © 2012 Atomic Energy Society of Japan All Rights Reserved.

    DOI: 10.3327/taesj.J10.034

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • A study on the nuclear safety agreements compared with the pollution control agreements Reviewed

    Shin-Etsu Sugawara, Tomoyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Kimura

    Transactions of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan   10 ( 2 )   119 - 131   2011

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Atomic Energy Society of Japan  

    In this paper, we made a comparison of application between nuclear safety agreements and pollution control agreements, and considered how to improve the way of applying the former. In order to comprehend the actual status of pollution control agreements, we conducted some hearings with the Chiba Prefecture and the Chiba City because there have been few empirical studies on the application of pollution control agreements. Based on these hearings, we found it a characteristic point of pollution control agreement that quantitative standards for emission function are the main criteria of application which local governments and utilities establish through negotiations. In contrast, the ways of applying nuclear safety agreements are often ambiguous because there are no clear criteria. This comparison suggests that the stakeholders around nuclear safety agreements discuss and agree to set out concrete standards of application of nuclear safety agreements as well as pollution control agreements. However, such a difference between the two could be an indication of the difficulty to create a consensus among stakeholders in the case of nuclear safety agreement given the historical context and the differences of risk characteristics. In that case, it can be found useful for risk governance that one introduce the idea of participatory risk management to the application of nuclear safety agreements. © 2011 Atomic Energy Society of Japan, All Rights Reserved.

    DOI: 10.3327/taesj.J10.019

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS BETWEEN FRANCE AND JAPAN ON LOCAL GOVERNMENTS' INVOLVEMENT IN NUCLEAR SAFETY GOVERNANCE Reviewed

    慎悦 菅原, 英明 城山

    土木学会論文集D3(土木計画学)   67 ( 4 )   441 - 454   2011

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Japan Society of Civil Engineers  

     This paper shows a comparative analysis between France and Japan on the way of the local governments' involvement in nuclear safety governance through some interviews. In France, a law came into force that requires related local governments to establish "Commision Locale d'Information" (CLI), which means the local governments officially involve in nuclear regulatory activity. Meanwhile, in Japan, related local governments substantially involve in the operation of nuclear facilities through the "safety agreements" in spite of the lack of legal authority. As a result of comparative analysis, we can point out some institutional input from French cases as follows: to clarify the local governments' roles in the nuclear regulation system, to establish the official channels of communication among nuclear utilities, national regulatory authorities and local governments, and to stipulate explicitly the transparency as a purpose of safety regulation.

    DOI: 10.2208/jscejipm.67.441

    researchmap

  • 原子力安全協定の現状と課題--自治体の役割を中心に (特集 安全確保のための取組--事故・インシデント等への対応を中心に)

    菅原 慎悦

    ジュリスト   ( 1399 )   35 - 43   2010.4

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publisher:有斐閣  

    CiNii Books

    researchmap

  • Role of commission locale d'information in france from the viewpoint of nuclear regulatory governance Reviewed

    Shin-Etsu Sugawara, Hideaki Shiroyama

    Transactions of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan   9 ( 4 )   368 - 383   2010

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Atomic Energy Society of Japan  

    In France, there exist organizations called "Commission Locale d'Information" (CLI) in all the siting areas where nuclear facilities located. Previously, the CLI organizations were established voluntarily by some local governments or nuclear utilities. Since 2006, however, the Nuclear Transparency and Safety Act has obliged the establishment of CLI in all the siting areas in conjunction with reforming the nuclear regulatory agencies. This means that the concerned local governments are officially part of nuclear safety regulation. In this study, we investigated present conditions of the CLI organizations through some interviews in France and consider their roles from the standpoint of nuclear regulatory governance. As a result, we found that the CLI plays the following roles: (1) medium of communication among concerned parties (not only between nuclear utilities and local habitants but also between the national nuclear regulatory agency and various local governments) and (2) implementing various activities in accordance with each local condition through the participation of local assembly members. In addition, we clarified that CLFs activities are supported by related institutional infrastructures, such as cost burden between central and local governments, and some other systems of citizen participation in building or expanding nuclear facilities. © Atomic Energy Society of Japan.

    DOI: 10.3327/taesj.J10.005

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • 原子力発電所に対する自治体関与のあり方についての一考察:浜岡の安全協定を例に Reviewed

    慎悦 菅原, 浩 木村, 春樹 班目

    土木学会論文集D   66 ( 3 )   316 - 328   2010

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Japan Society of Civil Engineers  

      This paper shows the way of the local governments’ involvement in nuclear safety governance through the safety agreement of Hamaoka nuclear power plants which have no article about local governments’ prior consent. To this end, we did bibliographical survey and some interviews to two local governments and a power company. As a result, we can clarify some features of Hamaoka as follows: concerned local governments have avoided technical judgments about nuclear-related issues, the local towns’ decisions have been valued more than the prefetcure’s ones, and the neighboring towns also have engaged in decision-making process same as the local town.

    DOI: 10.2208/jscejd.66.316

    researchmap

  • The social process of high-level radioactive waste disposal facility: sociological "lessons" from the nuclear power plant siting and "failure" in the design of institutional scheme in Japan

    菅原 慎悦, 寿楽 浩太

    Japan journal for science,technology & society   19   25 - 51   2010

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publisher:科学・技術と社会の会  

    CiNii Books

    researchmap

  • Analysis of relationship between the local governments and the power companies through the changes of safety agreements Reviewed

    Shin-Etsu Sugawara, Tomoaki Inamura, Hiroshi Kimura, Haruki Madarame

    Transactions of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan   8 ( 2 )   154 - 164   2009

     More details

    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Atomic Energy Society of Japan  

    In Japan, safety of nuclear facilities is regulated by the central government and local governments are responsible for protecting the local public. To operate nuclear facilities in local communities, local governments would conclude safety agreements with power companies. In recent years, local governments have used the safety agreements as excuse for delaying the operations of nuclear facilities. The legal basis of the safety agreements was questioned by some who considered that this was the cause of the stranded relationship between local governments and power companies, and in some cases, the interrupted nature of electricity supply. To understand the sources of this difficult relationship, safety agreements must be analyzed, although these documents may have undergone revisions, and various regulations may have changed. By analyzing the safety agreements and revisions, we found that the relationship between local governments and power companies gradually changed over time, which can be divided into the following 3 stages: (1) in the early 70s, the dawn stage when local governments groped with the situation of nuclear facilities built in their communities
    (2) from late 70s to 90s, the stage when local governments demanded information, and (3) from late 90s to present, the stage when local governments demand information and trustworthiness. This paper shows the results of analyzing the relationship changes between local governments and power companies. We conclude that viewpoints of local governments on nuclear power evolve, as social responsibilities of power companies stipulated in safety agreements also evolve over time. © Atomic Energy Society of Japan.

    DOI: 10.3327/taesj.J07.048

    Scopus

    researchmap

▼display all

MISC

▼display all