Updated on 2024/03/30

写真a

 
MORIYA,Jun
 
Organization
Faculty of Sociology Professor
Title
Professor
Contact information
メールアドレス
External link

Degree

  • Ph.D. ( 2010.3 )

Research Interests

  • Memory

  • Attention

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Attention;Memory

  • Anxiety;Depression

Research Areas

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Clinical psychology

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Experimental psychology

Education

  • The University of Tokyo   Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

    - 2010

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  • The University of Tokyo   Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

    - 2007

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  • The University of Tokyo   Faculty of Arts and Sciences

    - 2005

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  • The University of Tokyo   Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

    2007

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  • The University of Tokyo   Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

    2010

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Research History

  • Kansai University   Faculty of Sociology Department of Sociology Psychology Major   Professor

    2022.4

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  • Kansai University   Faculty of Sociology Department of Sociology Psychology Major   Associate Professor

    2015.4 - 2022.3

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  • Kansai University   Faculty of Sociology Department of Sociology Psychology Major   Assistant Professor

    2014.4 - 2015.3

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  • Assistant Professor, Rikkyo University

    2013.4 - 2014.3

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  • Visiting Research Fellow, Ghent University

    2011.4 - 2013.3

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  • Research Fellow (SPD), Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

    2010.4 - 2013.3

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Professional Memberships

  • The Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology

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  • Japan Society of Personality Psychology

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  • The Japanese Psychological Association

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  • The Association of Japanese Clinical Psychology

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  • Japanese Association for Cognitive Therapy

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Committee Memberships

  •   国際交流委員  

    2012   

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  •   機関誌編集委員  

    2012   

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  •   機関誌編集委員;国際交流委員  

    2012   

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Papers

  • Visual mental imagery of atypical color objects attracts attention to an imagery-matching object. International journal

    Jun Moriya

    Attention, perception & psychophysics   2023.10

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Mental imagery attracts attention to imagery-matching stimuli. However, it remains unknown whether voluntarily imagined atypical color also attracts attention to a stimulus that matches the imagery when the imagined stimuli are color-diagnostic objects, which are strongly associated with typical color. This study investigated whether people can voluntarily imagine atypical colors of such objects and attend to imagery-matching stimuli. Participants in the imagery group were instructed to imagine an atypical color of the black-white objects according to the instructed color or voluntarily selected color, whereas participants in the control group were instructed to attend to the objects without any instruction of imagery. Thereafter, they detected a color target in a visual search task. Results revealed that participants in the imagery group directed attention to the imagery-matching atypical color, not to the original color of the object in the search. Meanwhile, participants in the control group did not demonstrate any attentional guidance. These results suggest that voluntarily imagining atypical color can attenuate mental representations of the original color imagery and change attention to a stimulus that matches imagery.

    DOI: 10.3758/s13414-023-02804-3

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  • Long-term memory for distractors: Effects of involuntary attention from working memory. International journal

    Jun Moriya

    Memory & cognition   2023.9

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    In a visual search task, attention to task-irrelevant distractors impedes search performance. However, is it maladaptive to future performance? Here, I showed that attended distractors in a visual search task were better remembered in long-term memory (LTM) in the subsequent surprise recognition task than non-attended distractors. In four experiments, participants performed a visual search task using real-world objects of a single color. They encoded color in working memory (WM) during the task; because each object had a different color, participants directed their attention to the WM-matching colored distractor. Then, in the surprise recognition task, participants were required to indicate whether an object had been shown in the earlier visual search task, regardless of its color. The results showed that attended distractors were remembered better in LTM than non-attended distractors (Experiments 1 and 2). Moreover, the more participants directed their attention to distractors, the better they explicitly remembered them. Participants did not explicitly remember the color of the attended distractors (Experiment 3) but remembered integrated information with object and color (Experiment 4). When the color of the distractors in the recognition task was mismatched with the color in the visual search task, LTM decreased compared to color-matching distractors. These results suggest that attention to distractors impairs search for a target but is helpful in remembering distractors in LTM. When task-irrelevant distractors become task-relevant information in the future, their attention becomes beneficial.

    DOI: 10.3758/s13421-023-01469-5

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  • Applicability of a Piezoelectric Sensor to Measure English Speaking Anxiety in a Communicative Context Reviewed

    TAKARADA, Jun, NAKAGAWA, Isamu, NAKAMURA, Shun, KAMATA, Hiroki, KAWAMURA, Aoi, UEKI, Michiko, WAKITA, Takafumi, MORIYA, Jun, YANAGI, Miho, KUROKI, Kazuaki, AMANO, Wataru, MUTO, Takanori, DEGUCHI, Miki, NISHIO, Rie, TAKESHITA, Koji, TAKEUCHI, Osamu, TAJITSU, Yoshiro

    42, 2-7. ( 1 )   2 - 7   2023.2

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    Language:Japanese  

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  • The maladaptive aspect of observing: Interactive effects of mindfulness and alexithymia on trait anxiety. Reviewed

    MORIYA,Jun

    Current Psychology   41, 622-630.   2022

  • 動物型セラピーロボットとの交流による注意機能・感情制御・レジリエンスへの影響

    本間拓人, 守谷順

    健康心理学研究   35, 22-41.   2022

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  • 性別違和であるFTMとMTF対するイメージの違い : 非当事者に対する半構造化インタビュー調査から

    陳㬢, 守谷順, 脇田貴文

    関西大学心理学研究   13, 67-82.   2022

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  • 日中大学生の性別違和に対する態度の違いと性差の検討

    陳㬢, 守谷順, 脇田貴文

    関西大学心理学研究   13, 55-65   2022

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  • Mental Representations and Facial Impressions of Muslim Men in Japan From 2015 to 2017. Reviewed

    MORIYA, Jun

    Sage Open   1-9.   2021

  • Interactive effects of trait and state anxiety on visual spatial working memory capacity. Reviewed

    MORIYA,Jun

    Psychologia   62, 29-45.   2020

  • Development and validation of a Computer Psychosomatic Symptom Scale Reviewed

    HOMMA, Takuto, MORIYA, Jun

    Journal of Health Psychology Research   33, 47-56   2020

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  • Social anxiety and attentional bias

    MORIYA,Jun

    Japanese Psychological Review   62, 66-87   2019

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  • Visual-working-memory training improves both quantity and quality. Reviewed

    MORIYA,Jun

    Journal of Cognitive Enhancement   3, 221-232   2019

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  • Visual mental imagery influences attentional guidance in a visual-search task

    Jun Moriya

    Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics   80, 1127-1142   1 - 16   2018.4

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer New York LLC  

    Visual mental imagery resembles visual working memory (VWM). Because both visual mental imagery and VWM involve the representation and manipulation of visual information, it was hypothesized that they would exert similar effects on visual attention. Several previous studies have demonstrated that working-memory representations guide attention toward a memory-matching task-irrelevant stimulus during visual-search tasks. Therefore, mental imagery may also guide attention toward imagery-matching stimuli. In the present study, five experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of visual mental imagery on visual attention during a visual-search task. Participants were instructed to visualize a color or an object clearly associated with a specific color, after which they were asked to detect a colored target in the visual-search task. Reaction times for target detection were shorter when the color of the target matched the imagined color, and when the color of the target was similar to that strongly associated with the imagined object, than when the color of the target did not match that of the mental representation. This effect was not observed when participants were not instructed to imagine a color. These results suggest that similar to VWM, visual mental imagery guides attention toward imagery-matching stimuli.

    DOI: 10.3758/s13414-018-1520-0

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  • Association between social anxiety and visual mental imagery of neutral scenes: The moderating role of effortful control

    Jun Moriya

    Frontiers in Psychology   8   2018.1

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A.  

    According to cognitive theories, verbal processing attenuates emotional processing, whereas visual imagery enhances emotional processing and contributes to the maintenance of social anxiety. Individuals with social anxiety report negative mental images in social situations. However, the general ability of visual mental imagery of neutral scenes in individuals with social anxiety is still unclear. The present study investigated the general ability of non-emotional mental imagery (vividness, preferences for imagery vs. verbal processing, and object or spatial imagery) and the moderating role of effortful control in attenuating social anxiety. The participants (N = 231) completed five questionnaires. The results showed that social anxiety was not necessarily associated with all aspects of mental imagery. As suggested by theories, social anxiety was not associated with a preference for verbal processing. However, social anxiety was positively correlated with the visual imagery scale, especially the object imagery scale, which concerns the ability to construct pictorial images of individual objects. Further, it was negatively correlated with the spatial imagery scale, which concerns the ability to process information about spatial relations between objects. Although object imagery and spatial imagery positively and negatively predicted the degree of social anxiety, respectively, these effects were attenuated when socially anxious individuals had high effortful control. Specifically, in individuals with high effortful control, both object and spatial imagery were not associated with social anxiety. Socially anxious individuals might prefer to construct pictorial images of individual objects in natural scenes through object imagery. However, even in individuals who exhibit these features of mental imagery, effortful control could inhibit the increase in social anxiety.

    DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02323

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  • Attentional networks and visuospatial working memory capacity in social anxiety

    Jun Moriya

    Cognition and Emotion   32 ( 1 )   158 - 166   2018.1

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Routledge  

    Social anxiety is associated with attentional bias and working memory for emotional stimuli
    however, the ways in which social anxiety affects cognitive functions involving non-emotional stimuli remains unclear. The present study focused on the role of attentional networks (i.e. alerting, orienting, and executive control networks) and visuospatial working memory capacity (WMC) for non-emotional stimuli in the context of social anxiety. One hundred and seventeen undergraduates completed questionnaires on social anxiety. They then performed an attentional network test and a change detection task to measure visuospatial WMC. Orienting network and visuospatial WMC were positively correlated with social anxiety. A multiple regression analysis showed significant positive associations of alerting, orienting, and visuospatial WMC with social anxiety. Alerting, orienting networks, and high visuospatial WMC for non-emotional stimuli may predict degree of social anxiety.

    DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2016.1263601

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  • 社会的人支援ロボットとの交流におけるストレス軽減のメカニズム―認知機能の向上に着目して

    守谷順

    ストレス科学研究   33, 58-60   2018

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  • Lost in distractors: Reduced Autobiographical Memory Specificity and dispersed activation spreading over distractors in working memory

    Keisuke Takano, Jun Moriya, Filip Raes

    BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY   94   19 - 35   2017.7

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD  

    Studies on autobiographical memory retrieval highlight the prominence of rapid and direct access to a specific event memory. Because it has been believed that autobiographical memory retrieval mostly relies on an effortful generative process, there is little empirical evidence on the early stage of information processing that contributes to autobiographical memory specificity (AMS). Therefore, we investigated the associations between AMS and automatic activation of information stimulated by rapid presentation of emotional words. Study 1 involved a visual search task to assess activation of various distractors in working memory. Participants with reduced AMS showed a tendency to activate distractors that were not semantically associated with preceding cues. In Study 2, we manipulated the levels of AMS by using a computerized version of Memory Specificity Training (c-MeST) to observe the changes in the activation of distractors. Results showed that increases in AMS were associated with decreases in activation of cue-unassociated distractors. These findings suggest that reduced AMS can be characterized by dispersed activation spreading over semantically unassociated distractors in automatic information selection of working memory. Because we also found an association between depressive symptoms and AMS, the role of automatic information processing in the relation between reduced AMS and depression is discussed. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2017.04.005

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  • Unraveling the linguistic nature of specific autobiographical memories using a computerized classification algorithm

    Keisuke Takano, Mayumi Ueno, Jun Moriya, Masaki Mori, Yuki Nishiguchi, Filip Raes

    BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS   49 ( 3 )   835 - 852   2017.6

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER  

    In the present study, we explored the linguistic nature of specific memories generated with the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) by developing a computerized classifier that distinguishes between specific and nonspecific memories. The AMTis regarded as one of the most important assessment tools to study memory dysfunctions (e.g., difficulty recalling the specific details of memories) in psychopathology. In Study 1, we utilized the Japanese corpus data of 12,400 cue-recalled memories tagged with observer-rated specificity. We extracted linguistic features of particular relevance to memory specificity, such as past tense, negation, and adverbial words and phrases pertaining to time and location. On the basis of these features, a support vector machine (SVM) was trained to classify the memories into specific and nonspecific categories, which achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of .92 in a performance test. In Study 2, the trained SVM was tested in terms of its robustness in classifying novel memories (n = 8,478) that were retrieved in response to cue words that were different from those used in Study 1. The SVM showed an AUC of .89 in classifying the new memories. In Study 3, we extended the binary SVM to a five-class classification of the AMT, which achieved 64%-65% classification accuracy, against the chance level (20%) in the performance tests. Our data suggest that memory specificity can be identified with a relatively small number of words, capturing the universal linguistic features of memory specificity across memories in diverse contents.

    DOI: 10.3758/s13428-016-0753-x

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  • Psychometric properties of the written version of the autobiographical memory test in a japanese community sample

    Keisuke Takano, Masaki Mori, Yuki Nishiguchi, Jun Moriya, Filip Raes

    PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH   248   56 - 63   2017.2

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    The autobiographical memory test (AMT) is a widely used measure to assess the specificity of autobiographical memories. Reduced Autobiographical Memory Specificity (AMS) or increased overgeneralization of memories is considered as a cognitive hallmark of depression. Therefore, reduced AMS is the subject of much psychopathological research, and is a promising target for psychological interventions. Although considerable evidence has been gathered on the clinical relevance of reduced AMS over the past decades, studies on AMS have been mainly conducted in Western populations, and few have been conducted in Asian populations. This could be because of the unknown psychometric properties of the AMT given cultural and language differences. Therefore, the present study examined the psychometric properties of the AMT in a Japanese community sample (N=1240). Our data replicated that (a) the AMT has a uni-factorial structure; (b) AMS has a small but statistically significant negative correlation with depressive symptoms; (c) AMS shows a significant declining trend as a function of age, which influences the magnitude of the association between AMS and depressive symptoms in older adults. These findings suggest that the AMT has robust psychometric properties across different languages and cultural backgrounds.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.12.019

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  • Attention Moderates the Relationship Between Primary Psychopathy and Affective Empathy in Undergraduate Students

    Ayame Tamura, Yoshinori Sugiura, Tomoko Sugiura, Jun Moriya

    PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS   119 ( 3 )   608 - 629   2016.12

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC  

    Psychopathy is personality traits, which is consisted of primary psychopathy characterized by affective and interpersonal problems and secondary psychopathy characterized by behavioral problems. Prior researchers have suggested that people with psychopathy have peculiar attention, which prevents them from detecting information peripheral to their concern, and we hypothesized that this explains their low empathy. Based on these reasoning, the present study assessed whether attention moderates the relationship between psychopathy and affective empathy. Eighty-five undergraduates (40 men and 45 women; mean age=19.8 years; SD=1.6) completed the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, and a perceptual load task. Hierarchical regression showed that a significant moderation effect was found: primary psychopathy was negatively associated with affective empathy, among those with reduced interference from task-irrelevant stimuli under a medium level of perceptual load. Future study should need to replicate this finding with clinical population.

    DOI: 10.1177/0033294116667699

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  • Current status and challenges in the assessment of the personality trait spectrum in youth.Current status and challenges in the assessment of the personality trait spectrum in youth. Reviewed

    De Fruyt, F., Moriya, J., Takahashi, Y.

    The Japanese Journal of PersonalityThe Japanese Journal of Personality   23, 119-130   2015

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  • The Influence of Working Memory on Visual Search for Emotional Facial Expressions

    Jun Moriya, Ernst H. W. Koster, Rudi De Raedt

    JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE   40 ( 5 )   1874 - 1890   2014.10

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC  

    In visual search tasks, an angry face surrounded by happy faces is more rapidly detected compared with a happy face surrounded by angry faces. This is called the anger superiority effect. The anger superiority effect has been mainly related to automatic attentional effects, but top-down mechanisms may also influence this effect. In a series of studies, we investigated the influence of holding emotional information in working memory (WM) on the anger superiority effect. In multiple experiments, participants were generally faster to find an angry target with happy distractors compared to a happy target with angry distractors. However, this anger superiority effect was diminished when holding angry information in WM, whereas the effect was still observed when holding happy information. These effects were not observed when participants did not remember emotional information other than the color of the emotional stimuli. The data indicate that enhanced processing of distractor facial expressions was observed when they matched the content of WM, facilitating target detection. However, when the contents of WM and distractor faces differed, the processing of distractor faces and detection of a target face were delayed. These results suggest that the anger superiority effect is modulated by top-down effects of WM and that interactions between contents of WM and perception of facial expressions determine the enhancement or reduction of the anger superiority effect.

    DOI: 10.1037/a0037295

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  • The influence of working memory on the anger superiority effect

    Jun Moriya, Ernst H. W. Koster, Rudi De Raedt

    COGNITION & EMOTION   28 ( 8 )   1449 - 1464   2014

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD  

    The anger superiority effect shows that an angry face is detected more efficiently than a happy face. However, it is still controversial whether attentional allocation to angry faces is a bottom-up process or not. We investigated whether the anger superiority effect is influenced by top-down control, especially working memory (WM). Participants remembered a colour and then searched for differently coloured facial expressions. Just holding the colour information in WM did not modulate the anger superiority effect. However, when increasing the probabilities of trials in which the colour of a target face matched the colour held in WM, participants were inclined to direct attention to the target face regardless of the facial expression. Moreover, the knowledge of high probability of valid trials eliminated the anger superiority effect. These results suggest that the anger superiority effect is modulated by top-down effects of WM, the probability of events and expectancy about these probabilities.

    DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2014.890094

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  • Current status and challenges in assessing the personality trait spectrum in youth. Invited Reviewed

    De Fruyt, F, Moriya, J, Takahashi, Y

    Japanese Journal of Personality   23 ( 3 )   119 - 130   2014

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    DOI: 10.2132/personality.23.119

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  • Socially anxious individuals with low working memory capacity could not inhibit the goal-irrelevant information

    Jun Moriya, Yoshinori Sugiura

    FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE   7   2013.12

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:FRONTIERS RESEARCH FOUNDATION  

    Socially anxious individuals are interfered by distractors. Recent work has suggested that low working memory capacity and inappropriate temporary goal induce attention to distractors. We investigated the effects of working memory capacity and temporary goal on attention to distractors in social anxiety. Participants viewed a rapid serial visual presentation, in which participants reported the identity of a single target letter drawn in red. Distractors appeared before the target was presented. When the color of distractors was red (i.e., goal-relevant stimuli), low-capacity individuals were strongly interfered by the distractors compared to high-capacity individuals regardless of social anxiety. When the color of distractors was goal-irrelevant, low-capacity and high socially anxious individuals were strongly interfered by the distractors. These results suggest that socially anxious individuals with low working memory capacity could not inhibit the goal-irrelevant information and direct attention to distractors.

    DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00840

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  • Repeated short presentations of morphed facial expressions change recognition and evaluation of facial expressions

    Jun Moriya, Yoshihiko Tanno, Yoshinori Sugiura

    PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG   77 ( 6 )   698 - 707   2013.11

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER HEIDELBERG  

    This study investigated whether sensitivity to and evaluation of facial expressions varied with repeated exposure to non-prototypical facial expressions for a short presentation time. A morphed facial expression was presented for 500 ms repeatedly, and participants were required to indicate whether each facial expression was happy or angry. We manipulated the distribution of presentations of the morphed facial expressions for each facial stimulus. Some of the individuals depicted in the facial stimuli expressed anger frequently (i.e., anger-prone individuals), while the others expressed happiness frequently (i.e., happiness-prone individuals). After being exposed to the faces of anger-prone individuals, the participants became less sensitive to those individuals' angry faces. Further, after being exposed to the faces of happiness-prone individuals, the participants became less sensitive to those individuals' happy faces. We also found a relative increase in the social desirability of happiness-prone individuals after exposure to the facial stimuli.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00426-012-0463-7

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  • Depression and interpersonal stress: The mediating role of emotion regulation

    Jun Moriya, Yusuke Takahashi

    MOTIVATION AND EMOTION   37 ( 3 )   600 - 608   2013.9

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS  

    Maladaptive emotion regulation is a risk factor for depression when an individual is experiencing stressful interpersonal events. Although emotion regulation has several different dimensions, little is known about which of these mediate the relationship between interpersonal stress and depressive symptoms. The current study examined self-ratings of emotion regulation, interpersonal stress, and depression in a sample of non-clinical undergraduate students (N = 152). Our results indicated that two facets of emotion regulation (i.e., lack of emotional clarity and limited access to emotion regulation strategies) fully mediate the relationship between interpersonal stress and depression. Hence, to minimize depressive symptoms when experiencing interpersonal stress, our findings suggest that it is important for individuals to be clear about their feelings and to attempt to transition from negative feelings to alternative feelings.

    DOI: 10.1007/s11031-012-9323-4

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  • High Visual Working Memory Capacity in Trait Social Anxiety

    Jun Moriya, Yoshinori Sugiura

    PLOS ONE   7 ( 4 )   2012.4

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Working memory capacity is one of the most important cognitive functions influencing individual traits, such as attentional control, fluid intelligence, and also psychopathological traits. Previous research suggests that anxiety is associated with impaired cognitive function, and studies have shown low verbal working memory capacity in individuals with high trait anxiety. However, the relationship between trait anxiety and visual working memory capacity is still unclear. Considering that people allocate visual attention more widely to detect danger under threat, visual working memory capacity might be higher in anxious people. In the present study, we show that visual working memory capacity increases as trait social anxiety increases by using a change detection task. When the demand to inhibit distractors increased, however, high visual working memory capacity diminished in individuals with social anxiety, and instead, impaired filtering of distractors was predicted by trait social anxiety. State anxiety was not correlated with visual working memory capacity. These results indicate that socially anxious people could potentially hold a large amount of information in working memory. However, because of an impaired cognitive function, they could not inhibit goal-irrelevant distractors and their performance decreased under highly demanding conditions.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034244

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  • Impaired Attentional Disengagement from Stimuli Matching the Contents of Working Memory in Social Anxiety

    J. Moriya, Y. Sugiura

    PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH   27   280 - 281   2012

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  • Processing of task-irrelevant natural scenes in social anxiety

    Jun Moriya, Yoshihiko Tanno

    ACTA PSYCHOLOGICA   138 ( 1 )   162 - 170   2011.9

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    In this study, by manipulating perceptual load, we investigated whether socially anxious people process task-irrelevant, non-emotional, natural scenes. When attention was directed to letters and perceptual load was low, task-irrelevant natural scenes were processed, as evidenced by repetition priming effects, in both high and low socially anxious people. In the high perceptual load condition, repetition-priming effects decreased in participants with low social anxiety, but not in those with high social anxiety. The results were the same when attention was directed to pictures of animals: even in the high perceptual load condition, high socially anxious participants processed task-irrelevant natural scenes, as evidenced by flanker effects. However, when attention was directed to pictures of people, task-irrelevant natural scenes were not processed by participants in either anxiety group, regardless of perceptual load. These results suggest that high socially anxious individuals could not inhibit task-irrelevant natural scenes under conditions of high perceptual load, except when attention was focused on people. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.05.019

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  • The time course of attentional disengagement from angry faces in social anxiety

    Jun Moriya, Yoshihiko Tanno

    JOURNAL OF BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHIATRY   42 ( 1 )   122 - 128   2011.3

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD  

    While impaired attentional disengagement from threatening stimuli is thought to enhance social anxiety, it is unclear when the impaired disengagement occurs accurately. We used a gap task (Experiment 1) and an overlap task (Experiment 2) to reveal the impaired attentional disengagement from angry faces in socially anxious people with non-treatment seeking undergraduates. High (N = 17 in Experiments 1 and 2) and low socially anxious people (N = 17 in Experiment 1 and 19 in Experiment 2) were asked to fixate on an angry or neutral face presented at the center of a screen. Then, they discriminated the peripheral target stimuli. When there was a temporal gap between the face and target in Experiment 1 (gap task), the reaction times (RTs) for angry and neutral faces did not differ for all participants. However, when there was no gap and the face continued to appear in Experiment 2 (overlap task), the RTs for angry faces in high socially anxious people were longer than those for neutral faces after presentation times of 300 ms or longer. In low socially anxious people, the RTs following the angry and neutral faces did not differ. These results suggest that high socially anxious people face difficulty in disengaging attention from angry faces after recognizing them. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2010.08.001

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  • Construct validity of the Japanese version of BIS/BAS scales: A test with a dot-probe task. Reviewed

    Nakamura, T., Moriya, J., Hiraishi, K., Hasegawa, T.

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   19, 278-280 ( 3 )   278 - 280   2011

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:Japan Society of Personality Psychology  

    This study investigated the construct validity of the Japanese version of the BIS/BAS scales. A dot-probe task was used, which examined the degree of attention to a fear-conditioned stimulus. The results showed that the BIS-points, which measure the degree of behavioral avoidance or inhibition, were positively correlated with the degree of attention to the fear-conditioned stimulus. There also was a significant or a marginally significant negative correlation between the BAS-points, which measure the degree of behavioral approach, and the response time. The results indicate construct validity of the Japanese version of the BIS/BAS scales.

    DOI: 10.2132/personality.19.278

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    Other Link: https://jlc.jst.go.jp/DN/JALC/00371485581?from=CiNii

  • Exogenous attention to angry faces in social anxiety: A perceptual accuracy approach

    Jun Moriya, Yoshihiko Tanno

    COGNITION & EMOTION   25 ( 7 )   1165 - 1175   2011

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    We investigated the interaction between endogenous and exogenous attention for the processing of emotional stimuli in individuals with high social anxiety using accuracy rates. Following the presentation of an endogenous cue at the centre, exogenous cues (i.e., angry and neutral faces) were presented at peripheral locations. Subsequently, non-emotional masked targets were presented, and the participants were instructed to discriminate between the targets. With respect to exogenous attention, high socially anxious people exhibited higher accuracy when the angry face and target appeared on the same side than when they appeared on different sides, whereas low socially anxious people did not exhibit such effects. On the other hand, different abilities of endogenous attention were not observed between high and low socially anxious people. These results suggest that exogenous attention is biased towards threat in high socially anxious people.

    DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2010.535695

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  • Attentional resources in social anxiety and the effects of perceptual load

    Jun Moriya, Yoshihiko Tanno

    COGNITION & EMOTION   24 ( 8 )   1329 - 1348   2010

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    According to the attentional control theory, anxious people should process task-irrelevant distractors more than non-anxious people. This could be due to them having more attentional resources to allocate to the processing of task-irrelevant distractors. The current study was designed to assess the processing of task-irrelevant stimuli in low- and high-socially-anxious people. We conducted four experiments using perceptual load tasks. In the high-perceptual-load condition, interference effects from task-irrelevant distractors were not observed in low-socially-anxious people. This finding is consistent with the view of exhausting attentional resources to process task-relevant stimuli. However, interference effects were observed in high-socially-anxious people in the case of high perceptual load (Experiment 1). These effects were observed when presenting the distractor at a fixation (Experiment 2) or attracting attention involuntarily to the target location by spatial cueing (Experiment 3). However, when distractors were masked to decrease their visibility, distractor processing was not observed (Experiment 4). These results suggested that people with high social anxiety may have more attentional resources than people with low social anxiety, and this might partially derive from enhanced stimulus-driven attention.

    DOI: 10.1080/02699930903378503

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  • Abnormal psychology and cognitive-behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder. Reviewed

    Sasaki, J., Arimitsu, K., Kanai, Y., Moriya, J.

    The Japanese Journal of Research on Emotions   18, 33-41 ( 1 )   33 - 41   2010

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:JAPAN SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH ON EMOTIONS  

    Abnormal psychology provides a rationale for cognitive behavioral theory (CBT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD). We reviewed abnormal psychological research on SAD that focused on the following: (1) the relationship between negative interpretation of bodily sensations and state anxiety, (2) the safety behavior and effects of behavioral experiments, and (3) the relationship between attentional function and social anxiety symptoms. Clearly, the researchers and practitioners of CBT share a theoretical framework and their research addresses the variables directly related to clinical practice, which facilitates the understanding of concrete steps for clinical practice and communication among researchers and practitioners. As these researchers try to understand mental disorder from the perspective of normal psychological functions, basic research would improve our understanding of mental disorder and eliminate the need to discriminate between different disorders. Abnormal psychology is a research area that can be enriched by researchers from such fundamental psychology fields as emotional or cognitive psychology.

    DOI: 10.4092/jsre.18.33

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  • Competition Between Endogenous and Exogenous Attention to Nonemotional Stimuli in Social Anxiety

    Jun Moriya, Yoshihiko Tanno

    EMOTION   9 ( 5 )   739 - 743   2009.10

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    This study investigated whether impaired endogenous attention and enhanced exogenous attention for the processing of nonemotional stimuli were observed in individuals with high social anxiety. In each trial, participants were presented with an endogenous cue at a center, followed by exogenous cues at peripheral locations; subsequently, nonemotional masked targets were presented wherein the subjects were asked to distinguish between the targets. The accuracy rates were influenced by social anxiety only in exogenous conditions. Individuals with high social anxiety exhibited higher accuracy in the valid condition than in the invalid condition of exogenous attention, whereas individuals with low social anxiety displayed uniform accuracy rates in valid, neutral, and invalid conditions. The validity effects in individuals with high social anxiety did not diminish when controlling for trait and state anxiety and depression. The results suggest that individuals with high social anxiety have an enhanced exogenous attentional system and that they are attracted to salient stimuli regardless of emotionality.

    DOI: 10.1037/a0016817

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  • Dysfunction of attentional networks for non-emotional processing in negative affect

    Jun Moriya, Yoshihiko Tanno

    COGNITION & EMOTION   23 ( 6 )   1090 - 1105   2009

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    It is unclear whether negative affect is associated with the impairment of attentional networks for non-emotional processing. Using the attention network test (ANT), which assesses the efficiency of alerting, orienting, and executive attention, we attempted to clarify which attentional networks were related to negative affect, i.e., anxiety, depression, and social anxiety. Forty-three participants completed the self-report questionnaires and the ANT. Negative affect was negatively correlated with orienting efficiency but not executive attention. Our results indicate that people with negative emotionality have an impaired orienting network for non-emotional stimuli. It is suggested that attentional bias for threatening stimuli in negative affect is due to the original impairment of the orienting network.

    DOI: 10.1080/02699930802335018

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  • Relationships between negative emotionality and attentional control in effortful control

    Jun Moriya, Yoshihiko Tanno

    PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES   44 ( 6 )   1348 - 1355   2008.4

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD  

    The present study investigated relationships between negative emotionality (i.e., social anxiety, state anxiety, and depression) and attentional control in undergraduate students (N = 167) by using the effortful control scale (EC), which consists of the following three subscales: inhibitory control, activation control, and attentional control. Depression was negatively correlated with inhibitory and activation controls when controlling for other negative emotional variables, and social anxiety was negatively correlated with attentional control when controlling for depression and state anxiety. This partial correlation was significant even when controlling for other subscales of effortful control. These results suggest that social anxiety is associated with impaired attentional control, while depression is related to the impairment of inhibitory and activation controls. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2007.12.003

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  • Trait social anxiety, self-focused attention, and negative judgmental and interpretive bias in social and non-social situations. Reviewed

    Moriya, J., Sasaki, J., Tanno, Y.

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   15, 171-182 ( 2 )   171 - 182   2007

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:Japan Society of Personality Psychology  

    This study was conducted to examine the relationship between self-focused attention and negative judgmental and interpretive biases in social anxiety. In Study 1, a questionnaire was administered to 194 university students, and 53 high and 48 low socially anxious students were selected in an investigation of the relationship. Results showed that only in social situations and under self-focused attention, high socially anxious students had more negative judgmental bias than low students. In Study 2, the relationship between self-focused attention and interpretational biases in social and non-social situations that were evaluatively ambiguous was examined with the students who participated in Study 1. Results indicated that the high interpreted social situations as more negative than the low only under self-focused conditions. These results revealed that in social situations the high showed negative judgmental and interpretational biases only under self-focused attention.

    DOI: 10.2132/personality.15.171

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  • Attentional disengagement from socially threatening stimuli in social anxiety. Reviewed

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    The Japanese Journal of Cognitive Psychology   4, 123-131 ( 2 )   123 - 131   2007

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    Publisher:The Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology  

    We investigated whether selective attention towards threat-related stimuli in social anxiety was associated with the difficulty of disengagement from the stimuli. Participants were divided into two groups: high social anxiety and low social anxiety. They kept their eyes focused on a center prime stimulus (social threat, neutral word, or symbol), which was presented for either 100 ms or 800 ms. The target stimulus was then presented to either the left or the right of the prime stimuli, and the participants judged the location of the target stimulus. The results indicate that, in contrast to low socially anxious students, high socially anxious students took longer to make decisions for socially-threatening words presented for 800 ms, and that their response latencies were also slower for socially-threatening words than for neutral words and symbol. However, no significant differences were observed in reaction times between the high and low socially anxious students when the prime stimuli were presented for 100 ms. These findings suggest that individuals with high social anxiety have difficulty in disengaging their visual attention from socially-threatening words when presented for longer periods.

    DOI: 10.5265/jcogpsy.4.123

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  • The selective attention toward social threat words and positive words, and the relationship of attentional bias and social anxeity in university students. Reviewed

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    The Japanese Journal of Personality   15, 71-73 ( 1 )   71 - 73   2006

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    Language:Japanese   Publisher:Japan Society of Personality Psychology  

    This study investigated the time course of selective attention to socially threatening and positive words with a modified dot-probe task. Twenty-one college students responded to targets following a pair of either socially threatening and neutral words or socially positive and neutral words, shown for the duration of 250, 500, 750 or 1000 ms. Results showed that the students attended more away from socially threatening words at 250 ms, but at 750 ms they attended more to socially threatening words. Also, at 250 ms, the lower their trait social anxiety, the more they attended away from socially threatening words.

    DOI: 10.2132/personality.15.71

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Books

  • 絶対役立つ臨床心理学:カウンセラーを目指さないあなたにも

    藤田哲也(監修), 串崎真志(編)( Role: Contributor)

    ミネルヴァ書房  2016.9 

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  • The Handbook of Cognitive Psychology

    The Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology (Ed.)( Role: Contributor)

    Yuhikaku Publishing  2013.12 

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Presentations

  • セラピーロボットとの交流による注意・感情制御機能の向上

    本間拓人, 守谷順

    日本心理学会第83回大会  2019.9 

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  • 性別違和に対する態度:中日大学生の比較

    陳儀, 守谷順

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会第28回大会  2019.8 

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  • イスラム教に対する顔イメージの可視化―ステレオタイプ内容モデルの役割

    守谷順

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会第26回大会  2017.9 

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    Event date: 2017.9

    Venue:山形  

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  • コンピュータ心身症状尺度の開発

    本間拓人, 守谷順

    日本心理学会第81回大会  2017.9 

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  • Development and validation of a preference scale for individual and cooperative behavior

    Homma, T., Moriya, J.

    31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP 2016)  2016.7 

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    Event date: 2016.7

    Venue:Yokohama, Japan  

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  • Computerized Memory Specificity Training

    Takano, K., Moriya, J., Raes, F.

    International Conference on Memory (ICOM6)  2016.7 

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    Event date: 2016.7

    Venue:Budapest, Hungary  

    In a symposium, Autobiographical Memory and Psychopathology

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  • Different effects of attention and working memory on depression and anxiety in adolescence

    Moriya, J.

    17th European Conference on Developmental Psychology  2015.9 

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    Event date: 2015.9

    Venue:Braga, Portugal  

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  • サイコパシーの他者に対する感情反 応に及ぼす注意の影響

    田村紋女, 高田圭二, 杉浦義典, 守谷 順, 竹林由武, 田中圭介

    日本心理学会第78回大会  2014.9 

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    Event date: 2014.9

    Venue:京都  

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  • 特性不安と怒り優位性効果の低減―認知修正バイアス法の新たな手法の提案―

    守谷順

    日本心理臨床学会第32回秋季大会  2013.8 

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    Event date: 2013.8

    Venue:神奈川  

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  • 抑うつの注意・抑制機能:ワーキングメモリ課題による検討

    守谷順

    日本心理学会第76回大会  2012.9 

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    Event date: 2012.9

    Venue:神奈川  

    ワークショップ「抑うつの認知モデル―ミクロな研究でマクロを語る―」

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  • Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM): 認知バイアス修正法

    守谷順

    日本心理学会第76回大会  2012.9 

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    Venue:神奈川  

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  • サイコパシーと共感性―注意による調節効果―

    田村紋女, 高田圭二, 杉浦義典, 守谷 順, 竹林由武, 田中圭介

    日本心理学会第76回大会  2012.9 

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    Venue:神奈川  

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  • マインドフルな観察の幸福感への影響―注意の定位による調節―

    高田圭二, 杉浦義典, 守谷順, 竹林由武, 田中圭介, 田村紋女

    日本心理学会第76回大会  2012.9 

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    Venue:神奈川  

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  • Impaired attentional disengagement from stimuli matching the contents of working memory in social anxiety

    Moriya, J., Sugiura, Y.

    26th Conference of the European Health Psychology Society  2012.8 

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    Event date: 2012.8

    Venue:Prague, Czech  

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  • Precision of visual working memory capacity in trait and state anxiety

    Moriya, J., Sugiura, Y.

    30th International Congress of Psychology  2012.7 

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    Event date: 2012.7

    Venue:Cape Town, South Africa  

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  • High visual working memory capacity in trait social anxiety

    Moriya, J., Sugiura, Y.

    16th European Conference on Personality  2012.7 

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    Event date: 2012.7

    Venue:Trieste, Italy  

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  • 社会不安とサイコパシー特性における視覚的ワーキングメモリ容量の検討

    守谷順, 杉浦義典

    日本心理学会第75回大会  2011.9 

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    Event date: 2011.9

    Venue:東京  

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  • Social anxiety and psychopathic traits predict working memory capacity in opposite direction

    Moriya, J., Sugiura, Y.

    5th International Conference on Memory (ICOM5)  2011.8 

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    Event date: 2011.8

    Venue:York, UK  

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  • Depression and interpersonal stress: The mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation

    Moriya, J., Takahashi, Y.

    ISSID 2011  2011.7 

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    Event date: 2011.7

    Venue:London, UK  

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  • Enhanced exogenous attention to angry faces in social anxiety: A perceptual accuracy approach

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    40th Congress of The European Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies  2010.10 

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    Event date: 2010.10

    Venue:Milano, Italy  

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  • ドットプローブ課題を用いたBIS/BAS尺度日本語版の構成概念妥当性の検討

    中村敏健, 守谷順, 平石界, 長谷川寿一

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会第19回大会  2010.10 

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    Venue:東京  

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  • 基礎研究からの不安研究

    守谷順

    日本心理学会第74回大会  2010.9 

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    Event date: 2010.9

    Venue:大阪  

    シンポジウム「臨床実践と心理学研究の対話―両者の知見を生かすために」

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  • 社会不安における課題無関連刺激の処理―知覚的負荷課題による検討

    守谷順

    日本心理学会第74回大会  2010.9 

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    Venue:大阪  

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  • 知覚的負荷と課題の難易度が課題無関連刺激の処理に与える影響

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本認知心理学会第8回大会  2010.5 

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    Event date: 2010.5

    Venue:福岡  

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  • Dynamic shifts in the criteria for facial expression recognition

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    Vision Science Society 10th Annual Meeting  2010.5 

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    Event date: 2010.5

    Venue:Naples, Florida, U.S.A.  

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  • The processing of task-irrelevant natural scenes in social anxiety in a perceptual load task

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    OPAM 2009  2009.11 

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    Event date: 2009.11

    Venue:Boston, U.S.A.  

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  • Competition between endogenous and exogenous attention to non-emotional stimuli in social anxiety

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    39th Congress of The European Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies  2009.9 

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    Event date: 2009.9

    Venue:Dubrovnik, Croatia  

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  • 社会不安の処理資源仮説―画像を用いた検証―

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本心理学会第73回大会  2009.8 

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    Event date: 2009.8

    Venue:京都  

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  • 顔表情の連続提示による印象評定のシフト

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本認知心理学会第7回大会  2009.7 

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    Event date: 2009.7

    Venue:埼玉  

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  • 認知実験による社会不安の注意機能の解明

    守谷順

    日本感情心理学会第17回大会  2009.5 

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    Event date: 2009.5

    Venue:徳島  

    ワークショップ「社会不安障害の認知行動療法―臨床技法・研究法の実際―」

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  • 周辺視野の表情弁別と不安との関連―crowding課題による検証―

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    第1回日本不安障害学会学術大会  2009.3 

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    Event date: 2009.3

    Venue:東京  

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  • 内因性・外因性注意における社会不安の影響

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会第17回大会  2008.11 

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    Event date: 2008.11

    Venue:東京  

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  • 脅威的な課題無関連刺激が社会不安に与える影響

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本心理学会第72回大会  2008.9 

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    Event date: 2008.9

    Venue:北海道  

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  • Wide attentional resources in social anxiety

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    38th Congress of The European Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies  2008.9 

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    Event date: 2008.9

    Venue:Helsinki, Finland  

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  • Enhanced sensitivity to anger faces in social anxiety

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    10th International Congress of Behavioral Medicine  2008.8 

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    Event date: 2008.8

    Venue:Tokyo, Japan  

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  • 社会不安の課題無関連刺激処理

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本認知心理学会第6回大会  2008.5 

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    Event date: 2008.5

    Venue:千葉  

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  • 社会不安におけるorienting機能の低下

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本心理学会第71回大会  2007.9 

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    Event date: 2007.9

    Venue:東京  

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  • Attentional network dysfunctions of anxious people

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    5th World Congress of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies  2007.7 

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    Event date: 2007.7

    Venue:Barcelona, Spain  

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  • A Latent State-Trait Model of Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms

    Takahashi, Y., Moriya, J., Tanno, Y., Shigemasu, K.

    International Meeting of the Psychometric Society 2007  2007.7 

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    Event date: 2007.7

    Venue:Tokyo, Japan  

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  • 知覚的負荷による社会不安の注意資源容量の検討

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本認知心理学会第5回大会  2007.5 

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    Event date: 2007.5

    Venue:京都  

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  • 社会不安における怒り表情からの注意の解放

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本心理学会第70回大会  2006.11 

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    Event date: 2006.11

    Venue:福岡  

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  • 社会不安と注意の制御との関連

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本認知療法学会第6回大会  2006.10 

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    Venue:東京  

    シンポジウム「社会不安障害のアナログ研究」

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  • Impaired attentional disengagement from anger faces in social anxiety

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    4th CEFOM/21 (Center for the Study of Cultural and Ecological Foundations of the Mind, a 21st Century Center of Excellence)  2006.9 

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    Event date: 2006.9

    Venue:Tokyo, Japan  

    International Symposium: "Cultural and Adaptive Bases of Human Sociality"

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  • ドット・プローブ課題における復帰抑制の効果

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    日本認知心理学会第4回大会  2006.8 

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    Event date: 2006.8

    Venue:名古屋  

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  • Time-course of selective attention for emotional words in social anxiety

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    2006 APA convention  2006.8 

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    Event date: 2006.8

    Venue:New Orleans, U.S.A.  

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  • Attentional control with social anxiety

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    1st Asian Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Conference  2006.5 

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    Event date: 2006.5

    Venue:Hong Kong, China  

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  • 脅威刺激に対する注意の解放~社会不安からの視点

    守谷順, 丹野義彦

    第2回人工頭脳工学シンポジウム  2006.3 

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    Event date: 2006.3

    Venue:佐賀  

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  • Can social anxiety students disengage from social threat words?

    Moriya, J., Tanno, Y.

    3rd International Workshop on Evolutionary Cognitive Science: "Social Cognition: Evolution, Development, and Mechanism"  2006.3 

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    Event date: 2006.3

    Venue:Tokyo, Japan  

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  • 怒りと不安の発生・維持に寄与するパーソナリティ特性-素因ストレスモデルに基づいた縦断的検討

    高橋雄介, 関口陽介, 守谷順, 丹野義彦, 繁桝算男

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会第14回大会  2005.11 

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    Event date: 2005.11

    Venue:岩手  

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  • 対人場面における対人不安者の否定的解釈

    守谷順, 佐々木淳, 丹野義彦

    日本パーソナリティ心理学会第14回大会  2005.11 

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    Event date: 2005.11

    Venue:岩手  

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  • 羞恥心の発生メカニズム―自尊心低下説と関係混乱説の比較

    守谷順, 佐々木淳, 丹野義彦

    日本心理学会第69回大会  2005.9 

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    Event date: 2005.9

    Venue:東京  

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  • Negative interpretation and effects of self-focused attention in socially anxious people

    Moriya, J., Sasaki, J., Morimoto, S., Moriwaki, A., Tanno, Y.

    35th Congress of The European Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies  2005.9 

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    Event date: 2005.9

    Venue:Thessalonica, Greece  

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  • The comparison of the mechanism of embarrassment

    Moriya, J., Sasaki, J., Tanno, Y.

    1st International Workshop on Evolutionary Cognitive Science: "Exploring Social Brain"  2004.3 

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    Event date: 2004.3

    Venue:Tokyo, Japan  

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Awards

  • 日本心理学会国際賞奨励賞

    2017   日本心理学会  

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    Country:Japan

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  • 日本パーソナリティ心理学会 優秀大会発表賞

    2008   パーソナリティ心理学会  

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    Country:Japan

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Research Projects

  • Establishing an objective measurement of L2 listening anxiety through the use of sensing devices.

    Grant number:21K00776  2021.4 - 2024.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

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    Grant amount:\4030000 ( Direct Cost: \3100000 、 Indirect Cost:\930000 )

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  • 社交不安における過度な情報処理の適応的側面

    Grant number:21K03080  2021.4 - 2024.3

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業  基盤研究(C)

    守谷 順

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    Grant amount:\4160000 ( Direct Cost: \3200000 、 Indirect Cost:\960000 )

    他者からの評価を恐れる社交不安者の特徴に,過度な情報収集があげられる。この特徴について確認するため,妨害情報が記憶課題(ワーキングメモリ課題)のパフォーマンスを低下させるかweb実験を行った。課題では,パソコン画面に記憶すべき情報(ターゲット)とは別に,記憶する必要のない情報(妨害情報)を提示した。社交不安者に過度な情報収集の傾向が見られるとしたら,社交不安者は妨害情報を処理することで,ターゲットを正確に記憶できなくなると考えられ,この点について検討した。
    最初に,ワーキングメモリ課題がweb実験でも正確に実施できるか確認するため,予備実験を実施した。予備実験では,従来対面で実施されているワーキングメモリ課題と同じ課題をweb上で実施し,ワーキングメモリに見られる特徴(記憶できる量の限界など)が見られるか検討した。その結果,web実験でも従来の課題と同様の特徴を測定することが可能であることを確認した。
    続いて妨害情報がワーキングメモリ課題のパフォーマンスに影響を与えるか検討するため,のべ3回,100名程度を対象にweb実験を実施した。参加者には社交不安を測定するアンケートのほか,実験中の感情状態について測定するアンケートに答えてもらった。結果,社交不安傾向が高まるほど妨害情報に注意を向けてしまうため,ターゲットを十分に記憶できなくなっている可能性が示唆された。この傾向は,ターゲットが人の顔表情の写真であるときほど顕著であり,人の表情を記憶しようとすると,社交不安者ほど本来覚える必要のない人の表情まで記憶しようとしていると考えられる。このことが,自分にとって不必要な否定的な情報を収集する結果を招き,不安感を高めている可能性が考えられる。

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  • Investigating the ability of mental imagery and association with cognitive biases in social anxiety

    Grant number:18K03123  2018.4 - 2021.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    MORIYA Jun

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    Grant amount:\4290000 ( Direct Cost: \3300000 、 Indirect Cost:\990000 )

    The present study investigated the ability of mental imagery. In order to evaluate imagery ability, visual working memory was assessed using the change detection task, because visual mental imagery and working memory share many features. The results showed that working-memory quantity increased with social anxiety during low state anxiety, whereas working-memory quantity and quality decreased with social anxiety during high state anxiety. The present study also investigated the effects of imagery training on interpretation bias in social anxiety. Participants were trained to imagine social situations through one’s own eyes or observing oneself from the outside. In both training conditions, socially anxious individuals interpreted the social situations in a negative way. However, if socially anxious individuals could efficiently imagine social situations through one’s own eyes by training, increased negative interpretation with social anxiety would be prevented.

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  • Visualizing mental representations of facial expressions in anxiety: Suggestion for attentional guidance from mental image.

    Grant number:15K21518  2015.4 - 2018.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B)

    Moriya Jun

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    Grant amount:\3900000 ( Direct Cost: \3000000 、 Indirect Cost:\900000 )

    The present study investigated the ability of mental imagery and visualization of mental image. The result showed that social anxiety was positively correlated with the object imagery scale, which concerns the ability to construct pictorial images of individual objects. Anxious individual would use not verbal but visual processing for mental image. Visualized mental representations of self-image were evaluated, and results indicated that self-image in highly anxious individuals decreased social desirability. Other experiments investigated attentional guidance from mental imagery. Participants were instructed to visualize a color or an object clearly associated with a specific color, after which they were asked to detect a colored target in a visual-search task. The results indicated that visual mental imagery guided attention toward imagery-matching stimuli. This attentional guidance was also observed when participants visualized emotional representations of a face.

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  • Cross-diagnostic prediction of mental health problems from several cognitive functions.

    Grant number:25885079  2013.8 - 2015.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Research Activity Start-up

    MORIYA Jun

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    Grant amount:\2730000 ( Direct Cost: \2100000 、 Indirect Cost:\630000 )

    In the present study, I measured several cognitive functions (i.e., attentional network, attentional disengagement, and working memory capacity) at a time and revealed which functions had an effect on depression, anxiety or other psychopathological aspects. The results showed that diminished executive attention predicted high depression whereas high visual working memory capacity predicted high social anxiety. These results suggest that different cognitive functions could discriminate depression and social anxiety.
    I also investigated the effects of cognitive training on psychopathological aspects. Participants were randomly assigned to working-memory or visual-search training tasks for a week. The results showed that participants with visual-search training enhanced the quality of working memory under stress.

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  • 社会不安の発生メカニズム―視覚的注意・認知のコントロール不可能性に関する研究

    Grant number:07J09039  2007 - 2009

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業  特別研究員奨励費

    守谷 順

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    Grant amount:\2800000 ( Direct Cost: \2800000 )

    今年度も前年度に引き続き,社会不安の維持メカニズムの要因と考えられる視覚的注意の制御能力と,脅威刺激への注意の原因と考えられる注意の処理資源の容量のテーマを中心に,実験的手法を用いて検討した。前者においては,高社会不安者に見られた脅威刺激への注意が,高社会不安者の脅威刺激への過敏性のためか注意制御困難性のためか調べた(後者に関して,高社会不安者は目的とは関連のない刺激(妨害刺激)に資源を割り当て,処理を促進することが前年度までの実験で明らかになったが,より現実に則した場合においても同様の現象が見られるか検討した。
    注意制御に関しては,大学生を対象にドット・プローブ課題を用いて検証した。注視点とその左右に脅威・非脅威刺激を対提示した後,ターゲットを提示し,実験参加者にはターゲットの弁別をするよう求めた。また,実験参加者には了解を得て質問紙に答えてもらい,社会不安の程度を測定した。その結果,受動的に刺激を注意している場合は,社会不安が強い人ほど脅威刺激と同じ場所に提示されたターゲットに対する弁別力が向上した。このことは,高社会不安者ほど脅威刺激に対して過敏であるため,注意が引かれてしまうことを示している。その一方で,能動的に注意を向ける場合は,高低社会不安者でその能力に違いはなく,高社会不安者も能動的に非脅威刺激へ注意を向けられることが示された。このことは,治療応用へ重要な示唆を与えるもので,高社会不安者が脅威的な状況に置かれたとしても,能動的な注意の制御を行うことで脅威を避けられる可能性が考えられる。
    処理資源の容量に関しては,前年度に引き続き大学生を対象に知覚的負荷課題を用いて検証した。この課題では,実験者には中央に提示されるターゲット弁別課題を行ってもらった。その実験の最中に,周辺視野に目的とは関連のない妨害刺激を提示した。これまでの研究から,高社会不安者は妨害刺激に処理資源を割り当て処理を促進していることが明らかとなった。今回,より現実に則した形にするため,弁別課題および妨害刺激に人物やモノ,風景などの写真を用いて検討した。その結果,人物の写真に注意を向けた際は高・低社会不安者共に妨害刺激からの影響を受けないが,他の刺激に注意した際は高社会不安者のみ妨害刺激を処理していることが明らかとなった。このことから,やはり現実場面においても高社会不安者は妨害刺激から強く影響を受けていると考えられる。ただし,人物は注意を惹きつけ離さない特徴があるため,妨害刺激の影響が除かれると考えられる。より複雑な写真を用いて不安と処理資源との関連を示した初めての研究と言える。

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