Updated on 2024/03/30

写真a

 
OIKAWA,Hiroshi
 
Organization
Faculty of Business and Commerce Professor
Title
Professor
Contact information
メールアドレス
External link

Degree

  • D.Phil (Development Studies) ( University of Oxford )

  • M.Phil (Management Studies) ( University of Cambridge )

  • 博士(経済学) ( 神戸大学 )

  • 農学士 ( 北海道大学 )

Research Interests

  • M&A

  • リアル・オプション

  • 植物工場

  • 多国籍企業

  • グローバル・バリュー・チェーン

  • 地場企業

  • 企業家精神 (entrepreneurship)

  • 経済発展論/開発経済学

  • アグロビジネス

  • BOP/SDGs ビジネス

Research Areas

  • Humanities & Social Sciences / Economic policy  / 経済発展論

Professional Memberships

  • JAPAN ASSOCIATION FOR ASIAN STUDIES

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  • East Asian Economic Association(EAEA)

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  • THE SOCIETY FOR INDUSTRIAL STUDIES

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  • JAPAN SCHOLARLY ASSOCIATION FOR ASIAN MANAGEMENT

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Papers

  • 化粧品原料オイルとしてのパーム油の可能性と課題 Reviewed

    小井川広志

    Cosmetology   28   191 - 198   2020.9

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    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

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  • Backward Linkage Formation in Malaysia's Electronics Industry: Transnational Corporation Demand and Local Entrepreneur Supply Reviewed

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi

    University of Oxford, D.Phil in Development Studies   1 - 352   2019.5

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Doctoral thesis  

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  • Evolution of Bursa Malaysia Derivatives Markets under the Development of Malaysian Palm Oil Industry

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi

    Kansai University Review of Business and Commerce   18   13 - 33   2019.3

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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  • BOPトラップからの脱出:中国甘粛省の農村調査から(下)

    小井川 広志

    関西大学商学論集   62 ( 4 )   49 - 73   2018.3

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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  • BOP トラップからの脱出:中国甘粛省の農村調査から(上)

    小井川 広志

    関西大学商学論集   62 ( 3 )   73 - 98   2017.12

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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  • 日本企業の海外展開とグローバル人材育成の課題と展望

    小井川 広志

    関西大学商学論集   62 ( 2 )   1 - 42   2017.9

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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  • 韓国対外援助の変遷:レシピエントからドナーへ

    小井川 広志

    関西大学経済・政治研究所『研究双書』   162   45 - 67   2016.3

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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  • The Development of Malaysian Palm Oil Industries as a Model of Resource-based Catching-up Industrialization Reviewed

    56 ( 2 )   41 - 71   2015.6

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    CiNii Books

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    Other Link: http://hdl.handle.net/2344/00006866

  • Catching-up Industrialization of the Malaysian Palm Oil Industry

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi

    Kansai University Review of Business and Commerce   15 ( 15 )   37 - 67   2014.3

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)   Publisher:Faculty of Commerce, Kansai University  

    CiNii Books

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  • FTZ Development for Export-Oriented Industrialisation in Penang, Malaysia Reviewed

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi

    2   97 - 112   2010.3

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  • グローバル・バリュー・チェーン(GVC)分析の展望:世界システム、アップグレード、ガバナンスの概念をめぐって

    小井川 広志

    北海道大学『経済学研究』   58 ( 3 )   211 - 226   2008.12

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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  • 地方中堅企業の中国進出:長崎県の事例

    小井川 広志

    シーボルト大学紀要   8   229 - 247   2007.12

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

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  • The Contribution of "Firm-based Late Industrialization" to the Traditional Catch-up Model Reviewed

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi

    76 ( 2 )   129 - 137   2007.12

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (bulletin of university, research institution)  

    CiNii Books

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    Other Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10270/2114

  • International Value Distribution in Asian Electronics and Automobile Industries

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi

    シーボルト大学紀要   7   207 - 231   2006.12

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  • TNC-led Auto Industrialization in Malaysia: An Empirical Value Chain Approach

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi

    6   143 - 163   2005.12

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  • Foreign Direct Investment as a Real Option : The Role of Managerial Flexibility and Uncertainty

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi

    6   125 - 142   2005.12

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  • China's competitive threat to Latin America: An analysis for 1990-2002 Reviewed

    Sanjaya Lall, John Weiss, Hiroshi Oikawa

    Oxford Development Studies   33 ( 2 )   163 - 194   2005.6

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    This paper explores China's competitive threat to Latin America in trade in manufactured goods. The direct threat to exports to third country markets appears small: Latin America and the Caribbean's (LAC's) trade structure is largely complementary to that of China. In bilateral trade, several LAC countries are increasing primary and resource-based exports to China. However, the pattern of trade, with LAC specializing increasingly in resource-based products and China in manufactured goods, seems worrying. Given cumulative capability building, China's success in increasingly technology-based products with strong learning externalities can place it on a higher growth path than specialization in "simpler" goods, as in LAC China may thus affect LAC's technological upgrading in exports and industrial production. The issue is not so much current competition as the "spaces" open for LAC in the emerging technology-based world. © 2005 International Development Centre, Oxford.

    DOI: 10.1080/13600810500137764

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  • Foreign Direct Investment: Its Determinants and Impact on Developing Countries Reviewed

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi

    University of Cambridge, M.Phil Dissertation in Management Studies   1 - 198   2001.9

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    Language:English   Publishing type:Master’s thesis  

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  • 台湾・韓国における経済発展と構造変化:経済開発実績と経済開発効果の計量分析 Reviewed

    小井川 広志

    神戸大学・経済学研究科・博士論文   1 - 245   1996.3

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    Language:Japanese   Publishing type:Doctoral thesis  

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  • 経済発展、輸入構造および技術変化:1975-80-85年韓国接続産業連関表を利用して Reviewed

    小井川 広志

    国際経済学会編 The International Economy   46 ( 1 )   69 - 85   1995.2

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Books

  • 東南アジアの新型コロナ事情-世界経済復興の核となるか

    小井川広志( Role: Sole author)

    関西大学編「新型コロナで世の中がエラいことになったので関西大学がいろいろ考えた」第12章 浪速社  2021.4 

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  • Resource-based Industrialization of the Malaysian Palm Oil Industry

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi( Role: ContributorChapter 8 (pp.247-276) in Y. Sato and H. Sato eds. Varieties and Alternatives of Catching-Up: Asian Development in the context of 21th Century)

    Palgrave MacMillan  2016.5 

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  • To Be or Not to Be a Supplier to TNCs? An Entrepreneurial Approach to Linkage Formation in Malaysian Electronics Industries

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi( Role: ContributorChapter 5 (pp.136-166) in M. Kawakami and T. Sturgeon (eds) The Dynamics of Local Learning in Global Value Chains: Experiences from East Asia)

    Palgrave MacMillan  2011.8 

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  • Inter-Country Value Distribution in the East Asian Electronics Industries: An Empirical Global Value Chain Approach

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi( Role: ContributorChapter 6 (pp.167-206) in M. Kawakami and T. Sturgeon (eds) The Dynamics of Local Learning in Global Value Chains: Experiences from East Asia)

    Palgrave MacMillan  2011.8 

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  • FDI by SMEs in China: the Cases of SMEs from Nagasaki, Japan

    OIKAWA,Hiroshi( Role: ContributorCh.6 (pp.96-110) in T. Abo (eds) Competing Chinese and Foreign Firms in Chinese Economy)

    LIT-Verlag Münster, Germany  2010.10 

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MISC

Research Projects

  • Creating a New BOP Business Strategy based on the Local Entrepreneurial Dynamics

    Grant number:17K18574  2017.6 - 2021.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Research (Exploratory)

    OIKAWA Hiroshi

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    Grant amount:\5980000 ( Direct Cost: \4600000 、 Indirect Cost:\1380000 )

    This research project aimed to identify the need of BOP (Base of the Pyramid in developing countries) group and to create business models to provide useful items for them. Only field work was conducted in the Gansu province of China in 2017 summer. Several items were considered useful for them. Based on this ideas, several Japanese companies were invited to start BOP business in China; however, Covid-19 prevented us from visiting China for these BOP businesses.

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  • Agro-based Economic Development in Southeast Asia: Theoretical and Empirical Perspective

    Grant number:16H03323  2016.4 - 2020.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    Oikawa Hiroshi

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    Grant amount:\16770000 ( Direct Cost: \12900000 、 Indirect Cost:\3870000 )

    This research project aims to identify the development mechanism and global value chain dynamism of agro-based industrialization of the countries in Southeast Asia. We particularly focused on the industries based on palm oil, natural rubber and coffee in Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and Indonesia. Several Southeast Asian countries enjoy manufacturing industrialization, with which, due to the agricultural-resource richness in the region, the countries was successful to make their agro-based industries higher value-added and more competitive in the global market. The role of government and flying geese development pattern, led by regional technological leader Malaysia, were critical in this performance.

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  • Re-examination of the infant industry argument: theoretical and empirical model building based on the real options approach

    Grant number:24653070  2012.4 - 2015.3

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Exploratory Research

    OIKAWA Hiroshi

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    Grant amount:\3640000 ( Direct Cost: \2800000 、 Indirect Cost:\840000 )

    This study aims to re-examine the infant industry argument from viewpoint of a real options approach. This view is based on the assumption that the industrial development of developing countries can be partly interpreted as a real options process, in which development policies are planned and implemented in wait-and-see and trial-and-error manners. Malaysian industrialisation is the main focus of this study. The palm oil and its related industries are taken as a case study, in which an option model to expand is neatly applied. Due to a time constraint and unavailability of proper data, a qualitative model has not been developed but theoretical and empirical applications are still in progress.

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  • International Comparison of Entrepreneurship : Quantitative Analysis of Economic Development Process by using SEM

    Grant number:21653024  2009 - 2011

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Challenging Exploratory Research

    OIKAWA Hiroshi

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    Grant amount:\3470000 ( Direct Cost: \3200000 、 Indirect Cost:\270000 )

    This research intends to examine the role of entrepreneurship in economic development. Entrepreneurship is defined as personal traits highly alert to market disequilibrium as a profit opportunity and unusually venturous, rather than rational, in taking risks to run his/her own organisation. Entrepreneurs appear as a "prime mover" for economic development. This study examines the nature of entrepreneurship in the context of the interaction between local entrepreneurs and the local affiliate of transnational corporations in developing countries. The relationship typically appears as the development of backward linkage formation, in which linkages are established between the twp players. Based on the fieldwork in Penang, Malaysia, this research aims to examine the determinants, nature, and evolution of linkage formation, as well as its implications for policy-making for economic development.
    Quantitative analysis is proposed to examine the causality between potential entrepreneurial factors(e. g. motivation, family background, work experience) and firm development. SEM(Structural Equation Modeling) is applied for this examination ; however, due to data constraints collected, only theoretical framework was built and no empirical analysis was conducted.

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  • The analysis on the upgrade of firms from late-industrializing countries : employment of the global value chains approach

    Grant number:21530285  2009 - 2011

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    NAKAHARA Yumiko, OIKAWA Hiroshi, KAWAKAMI Momoko

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    Grant amount:\4420000 ( Direct Cost: \3400000 、 Indirect Cost:\1020000 )

    This study employs the global value chains(GVC) approach to explore how local firms in developing countries have increased their capabilities by participating in global value chains, through the dynamic interactions between firms from developed and developing economies. We have focused on Malaysia and Taiwan as examples.

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  • 企業家精神と東アジアの経済発展-開発経済学の新パースペクティブ-

    Grant number:18653025  2006 - 2008

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業  萌芽研究

    小井川 広志

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    Grant amount:\3200000 ( Direct Cost: \3200000 )

    平成20年度は本研究プロジェクトの完成年度に当たる。本年度の活動としては、昨年度に引き続きマレーシアでの現地調査、関連文献の確認、成果のとりまとめなどを行った。現地調査の内容であるが、多国籍企業、ローカル企業両者からの聞き取りに基づき、企業家志向性(Entrepreneurial Orientation,以下E.O.)の方向性を定性的に検出するアプローチを採用した。具体的には、多国籍企業のサプライヤーとして成功しているローカル企業と、国内市場にとどまり多国籍企業との取引に関心を持たないローカル企業とのE.O.比較を行った。その結果、研究成果として以下のような知見が得られた。
    多国籍企業サプライヤーとノン・サプライヤーを比較した場合、第一に、前者はE. O.の中でもすぐれて技術志向性が高いことが確認された。興味深いことに、これは"事前的"要素であり、もともと技術志向性の高い企業家が多国籍企業サプライヤーとして生き残ることケースが多い。他方ノン・サプライヤーは、市場機会に機敏であり、かつ、独立志向性が相対的に強いことも確認された。両者共に創業時に最も苦労しており、隘路となっているのは、資金、技術、人材、ネットワークなど、その企業家が置かれた初期条件に大きく依存する。本研究の結論として、サプライヤーとノン・サプライヤーを分ける要因は、(1)E. O.の方向性、(2)就業初期に与えられた技能形成機会、(3)創業パートナーからの影響、(4)創業初期に多国籍企業と遭遇したか否か、などの諸要因に規定されることが確認された。地場企業にとってどのようなキャリア経路が利用可能であれば力強いサポーティング・インダストリーの構築につながるか、といった開発問題に対して、大きな示唆を与えるといえる。

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  • Asian Economic Reconstruction and New Strategy for Japanese Firms in Abroad - a scenario for regional collaboration ・ enterprises alliance ・ market changing -

    Grant number:11303003  1999 - 2001

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A)

    MURAOKA Teruzo, KAWAMURA Tetuji, ITAGAKI Hiroshi, ABO Tetsuo, KAMIYAMA Kunio, TAKENO Tadahiro

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    Grant amount:\22040000 ( Direct Cost: \20900000 、 Indirect Cost:\1140000 )

    i) The research works were conducted basically in three contexts consisting of regional collaboration, enterprises alliance and market changing. In regional collaboration field, mainly focusing on regional economic security trends around ASEAN scheme as an outside frame, while the 'inducing, foreign capital' pattern prevailed in East Asia as an inside frame, making clear up the both frames have been surely changing in the several stages for their industrial process in the post second world war. In this context, some vital issues were investigated such as globalization movement with China economic expanding as a signal for advent of anew Asian-Pacific era and, meanwhile, for the Japan' s road in near future.
    ii) In enterprises alliance context, IT (information technology) revolution spread movement in Japanese firms (mainly on electrical industry and automobile) as well as Chinese firms (mainly on information and communication OEM companies) in Bangalore (Southern India) and Tongkang (Southern China) were investigated through field research. A new movement such as production management, factory organization as well as network development was deep investigated separately.
    iii) In market changing context, based on the above two dimensions, taking a grasp on East Asia market (mainly consisting of NIES, ASEAN and China) changing movement promoted by USA, Japan and UE were available in macroeconomics. Meanwhile, grasping conducts were also taken in pursuit of native identity of the East Asia local itself for the purpose of building a strategy scenario in the whole.
    iv) Research performances above mentioned were presented at academic associations and symposiums concerned in domestic and abroad by investigation members on their own authority. A plan of collected book will be draw up if possible.

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  • SYSTEMATIC READJUSTMENT OF GENERAL INFORMATIONS OF CHINA--specially concerned with Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region--

    Grant number:10041088  1998

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research

    KATANO Hikoji, OIKAWA Hiroshi, HIGUCHI Isao, HUANG Mingshi, KIMURA Koshin, ISHIKAWA Terumi

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    Grant amount:\2700000 ( Direct Cost: \2700000 )

    We carried our field research in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, and collected information about natural and environmental conditions, minority ethnics, cultures, languages, socio economic conditions, etc. in this region.
    We recognized the following points based on these informations.
    (1)Inner Mongolia region is located in the frontier of China. An infiltration of the Han culture in the region had never seen so much by the last stage of Qing Dinasty. The Mongolian people has made its own traditional culture and life-style based on nomadism adjusting itself to the natural and ecological conditions in the region where they reside, and has maintained them. This is because that there were not so much contact between Han and Mongolia people by the last stage of Qing Dinastye.
    (2)Most of the Mongolia people in China reside in the inner Mongolia region. However, since the last stage of Qing Dinasty, Han people has begun to move into the region. Mongolian population ratio in this region decreases though is residence ground of themselves as for the advancement of the Han people to this region, especially recently. The nomadism culture and its life-style which is a traditional one of Mongolian people has begun to greatly change by the infiltration of the Han's culture.
    Based on these findings about the changes in Mongolian life-style, we collected information in the region, and adjusted it in our information system.

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  • A Study for the development of the estimation method about the effects of the Human Resources Development Policy

    Grant number:09630042  1997 - 1999

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    TAKENO Tadahiro, RAHMAN Khondaker mizanur, OIKAWA Hiroshi

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    Grant amount:\2500000 ( Direct Cost: \2500000 )

    The purpose of this research program is to develop the estimation method of human resources development (HRD) policy' s effects and profitability.
    People could get the higher-staged job if one has the higher academic background in Hong Kong' s case. In spite of the case, it is trouble some job to calculate the investment-effect of the education in another because of the difficulty to specify the amount of the money for the educational activity.
    Productivity is fluctuated not only by change of the efficiency of labor but also by the change of prices ; commodities and wages.
    We could see in the cases of this research program that HRD policy has the function to match the labor supply with the labor demand. But it is also difficult to specify the effectiveness of the function because we could not find suitable indexes.
    We fund the concepts of 'the International Core Middle Manager Development Strategy' . This strategy of a Japanese electric multinational company is to develop the autonomous administrative abilities of the head of the branch.
    This core manager development strategy may be useful both for international division of labor and the localization of the management.
    The problem left for us is to examine the development theory related to the HRD for putting our idea into practice. We shall better to refer the A.Sen's development theory. The other one is to develop the concepts of the core manager development along with the case study of Management Development (MD).
    Our research of the HRD stated with the points of the World Bank on the report ; 'Asian Miracle (1993)' . It pointed out that the economic growth in the East Asian countries were made by its educational investment. But in the first year term of this program, in Summer 1997, the Asian currency crises happened. Some annalists re-doubted that Asian countries could achieve the growth by the education. We studied the crises as the basic but important matter.

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  • Study on corporate alliance, industrial finance, regional cooperation in the east Asian economies

    Grant number:09630041  1997 - 1998

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C)

    CHO Du-Sop, OIKAWA Hirosi, MURAOKA Teruzo

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    Grant amount:\2900000 ( Direct Cost: \2900000 )

    Asian economies, which have enjoyed high growth rate for over 20 years abruptly experienced an economic downturn after 1997. Therefore, the aim of this research is to study the problems and conditions of the current structural transformation of Asian economies through three perspectives : corporate alliance, industrial financing and regional cooperative scheme. Consequently, this research deals with three key issues. First issue is why the Asian pattern of economic development has lost its effectiveness and what kind of strategies are required for a return to prior growth. The second issue is the requisite need for sustainable growth that can supply high quality manpower corresponding to development stages. There is a dilemma with regard to meeting manpower needs. That is, between formal education system and in-house training, which one is more effective? The third issue is that Asian economic growth has been greatly indebted to Japanese FDI.For recovery from the current recession and to consolidate the foundations of technological capability, it will be necessary to induce Japanese FDI.Specific policies are considered for stimulating Japanese FDI, especially those to activate FDI by small and medium companies.

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  • 香港経済発展の計量分析とデータベース構築-政治経済学的アプローチによる定量分析-

    Grant number:09730044  1997 - 1998

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業  奨励研究(A)

    小井川 広志

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    Grant amount:\2000000 ( Direct Cost: \2000000 )

    本研究は、香港経済発展における香港政庁の役割を明らかにし、それを定量的に評価するための試論である。前年度の研究成果に加えて、平成10年度では、(1)香港レッセフェールの政治経済学的背景 (2)都市計画の経済発展促進効果 (3)香港教育制度の経済学的分析、の3点に関して研究が進められた。そこでは、香港に特有な政策体系を定量化し、以下の諸点が明らかとなった。
    第1に、香港政庁の経済政策は、いわゆる開発志向的国家とは大きく性質を異にする点が示唆された。すなわち、香港政庁は地場資本、外資とならぶ利益追求の主体であり、3者でプラスサムを引き起こすゲーム論的な状況が、香港の経済発展を引き起こしたと解釈すべきである。第2に、香港において集約的に展開される都市計画が、狭隘な土地利用を効率化させ、結果的に香港域内の生産性向上をもたらした点が明らかにされた。本研究では、土地落札価格にヘドニック・アプローチを適用して、インフラ建設と土地利用の効率性の程度を定量的に明らかにしている。第3に、香港における各教育機関の収益率を計測することに成功した。興味深い事実は、中等教育(後期)の収益率が、高等教育のそれをほぼ計測全期間を通じて上回っていることである。また、収益率そのものは、他の途上国と比較してかなり低い事実も発見された。
    総論で言えば、上記3分野に関して、香港経済独特の政治経済システムを明示的にモデルに取り入れ、その経済構造の定量化にある程度成功したと言える。
    なお、上記(1)(レッセフェール主義)に関する研究成果は、平成10年10月の日中経済学術交流会議で報告・議論され、(3)(香港教育制度)については、他のアジアNIES諸国との比較研究を行った上で、英文にて論文を執筆の予定である。また、統計データベースについては、その成果の一部を成果報告書末に掲載している。

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  • Manegement, Innovation & Technology Transfer to East Asia & Oceania

    Grant number:09041061  1997 - 1998

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research

    MURAOKA Teruzo, OIKAWA Hiroshi, ITAGAKI Hiroshi, KUMON Hiroshi, ABO Testuo

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    Grant amount:\7000000 ( Direct Cost: \7000000 )

    The Investigation was conducted basically under the Asian financial and economic turmoils that broke out in July 1997 in Thailand, then the economic crisis was soon spread contagion to ASEAN countries following to Philippines. Malaysia and Indonesia as well Korea as NIES in a couple of months. We take this economic crisis happened in East Asian as a valuable opportunity to tackle our exercises proposed in the investigation project. The experiences of field research are much hard to obtain by ourselves as well as some results of our field research are available as follows
    (1)An international competitiveness among East Asian countries is very intricate as appears in general textbook, but to a certain extext economic crises let us to get a reliable evidence that there are three grouping countries available to be divideed from the crisis process as follows, namely (a)first group claiming as 'recovery team' including four countries of Korea, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand, they are on the way of getting out from dull business, (b)second group naming as 'standstill team including three countries of Indonesia, Japan and Singapore, they are nowaday at the point of business depression for those years without a survey the economic prospect on getting out of the depression, (c)third group calling as 'latecoming teram' including so- call 'three China' namely Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan, they are going to toward a severe depression of economic crisis.
    In this context, a new contents of international competitiveness is, at present, in the process of to be forming another order in East Asia.
    (2)The most vital features and results having gotton in the field research are the facts finding and realities as we have visited more than 40 firms located around 10 countrie/area of Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, Vietnam, Taiwan, Korea, Phillipines, lndoneia, Singapore and Malaysia as well as various industries such as auto, electronics, business, trip, primary sector, public and prive thingtanks. governmental instition, etc..
    (3)In questionnaire, we have done our best to get from firms and thingtanks abroad we have visited. Three main questions are clarfied in questionnaire as follows : (a)questions regarding to curreny and economic crisis having been happened, (b)questions around to business firms of international competitiveness among East Asia countries after the financial an economic crisis happened, (c)questions about regional cooperation trend such as ASEAN and APEC, to which firms or the thinktanks concerned how take thier attitute toward these regional movements. As the results, answere available from 17 firms and thinktanks at present(questionnaire is attached in the Research Booklet as a part of final chapter).

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  • 交易条件変化が途上国経済に与える経済諸効果を多面的に定量化する新手法の開発と応用

    Grant number:08730037  1996

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業  奨励研究(A)

    小井川 広志

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    Grant amount:\1000000 ( Direct Cost: \1000000 )

    本研究の目的の一つは、交易条件変化が経済に与える経済諸効果を、産業連関表を用いてより多面的に定量化する点にある。輸入依存度が相対的に高い産業では、輸入財価格の上昇により利潤率が圧迫され、付加価値率を一定とするこれまでの産業連関分析の仮定は満足されない。そこで、利潤率変化、相対価格変化を内生化した計量モデルを開発することが、本研究の出発点となる。本研究の第2の目的は、85年以降の円高がアジアNIESなどの対日輸入依存度の大きい経済にこの計量モデルを適用して、実証研究を行う点にある。
    以上のような問題意識に基づき、本研究では、台湾経済をケーススタディとして取り上げ、円高が与えた経済効果を85年産業連関表を用いて定量的に検証した。その結果、以下の2点が明らかとなった。第1に、プラザ合意以降の円高は、台湾産業全体の利潤率を大きく引き下げた点である。80年代後半に、台湾元は日本円に対し約31.8%切り下がったが、かかる輸入財の価格上昇は、台湾諸産業の利潤を大きく圧迫した。本研究の計測では、各部門の利潤率低下割合は、4.17%と計算された。この数字は、台湾国家6カ年計画の社会的資本建設がもたらすであろう利潤引き上げ効果を、相殺して余りあるほどのマイナス効果となる。
    第2に、台湾の対日経済従属性が、改めて確認された。すなわち、台湾元が日本円に対して大きく切り下がったことにより、台湾の成長産業である輸出産業の相対価格が、目立って上昇することがわかった。具体的には、電気機械、電子機器、輸送機械、プラスティック製品などに価格上昇の効果を与えた。このことは、これらの諸産業が、労働者の消費も含めて直接、間接的により大きく日本からの輸入財に依存していることを意味している。試みに、台湾元の全般的な減価による相対価格の変化をシミュレーションしたところ、石油精製や製材業などの相対価格の上昇が観察された。日本から輸入財が、台湾の輸出産業に集約的に投入されている事実が、かかる実証結果の比較からも伺える。
    本研究の成果は、既に英文にて学内の紀要に公表されたが、本研究の適時性から鑑みて、将来的により一般性を広げる余地がある。現在、本実証結果を韓国との比較研究に拡張し、かつ最新の産業連関表を用いた分析が進行中であり、近々国際的な学術ジャーナルに投稿の予定である。

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  • East Asian Compound Triangle Structure And 'Yen Appreciation' Moment : -Cross Function To Business Firms And International Economy Linkage

    Grant number:07303006  1995 - 1996

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B)

    MURAOKA Teruzo, OIKAWA Hiroshi, CHO Tou-soop

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    Grant amount:\3000000 ( Direct Cost: \3000000 )

    (1)The research is conducted basically in send out a questionnaire on business circumstances around the middle local enterprises in Nagoya Area, wherein, among others, 'Appreciation of Japanese Yen' during 1994-95 as well as critical management situation. The most significant feature and results getting in this research propect are the facts finding and realities available (questionnaire are attached in the Reseach Booklet as Appendix 1-3).
    (2)In questionnaire, more than 1,000 firms were selected for questionnaire candidate, 304 firms answer were finally available. Three main subjects to be classified such as 'With Yen Appreciation' , 'With Business Management, and 'With Regional Collaboration' in which include 25 items and 114 questions were involved in questionnaires. To which 304 firms were response their answers after all. Fron which we are able to draw out four patterns firms in the response of the changing business circumstances as follows : (a)firms which are sensitive response on the changing as well as positive commitment ; (b)firms which are sensitive response on the changing but negative commitment ; (c)firms which are insensitive response on the changing but positive commitment ; (d)firms which are not only insensitive response on the changing but also negative commitment. Overviews the firms response, referring to both theoritical and practical analysis, are available as chapter five in the Research Booklet.
    (3)In regard to regional collaboration movements, Firms concerned were aware of the ASEAN,APEC,NIES while mostly in 1980s. Those trends are analysis in the chapter one in the proposed Research Booklet.
    (4)Lastly, some recent movements around East Asia economies Backgrounds are necessary for the research, then one chapter is allocated which is edited as chapter two in the Research Booklet.

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  • 途上国経済開発効果を定量的に計測する為の産業関連表の適用に関する新手法の開発研究

    Grant number:07730035  1995

    日本学術振興会  科学研究費助成事業  奨励研究(A)

    小井川 広志

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    Grant amount:\1000000 ( Direct Cost: \1000000 )

    本研究は、以下の2つの問題を取り上げている。第1に、経済開発によって引き起こされ「生産性」「経済効率」の変化が、その経済にどの様な影響を与えるかといった問題に関して、利潤率変化、相対価格変化から定量化する新手法を、産業関連分析を応用して構築する事である。第2に、その新しい計量モデルを応用して、インフラ建設がもたらす経済効率改善効果を、韓国経済を対象に具体的に定量化する点である。
    本研究の主要な結論は、以下の通りであった。第1に、第7次経済建設5カ年計画が主目的とするインフラ建設の経済効率改善効果により、韓国経済の各部門では、平均的に約0.0089%の利潤率上昇効果を享受することが分かった。第2に、インフラ建設による生産性変化は、同時に相対価格変化も引き起こすのであるが、韓国経済の場合、相対価格の上昇する部門は、農業などの第1次産業に集中している。逆に、石油精製産業やサービス産業は、インフラ建設により著しく相対価格が下落する。相対価格の下落した部門は、他の条件が変わらなければ国際競争力を強めることからすると、相対価格が殆ど変化しない電子機器や繊維などの輸出産業は、経済建設の本来の目的に反して、インフラ建設が取り立てて輸出拡大促進的でないことが示唆される。第3に、その部門の生産性改善によって、韓国経済各部門の利潤率を引き上げる効果の最も大きい部門は、精米・製粉業や畜産など、主に農業部門が上位に顔を出す。このことにより、労働者の消費も含めて、未だ韓国経済にとっての農業部門の重要性が示唆されたと言える。
    本研究のまとめでは、台湾経済との比較の上で、これらの事実が韓国経済の経済発展の特殊性に関連があるのでは、との問題提起を行っている。より一層の詳しい研究が望まれていると言えよう。

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  • SYSTEMATIC READJUSTMENT OF GENERAL INFORMATIONS OF CHINA

    Grant number:05045017  1993 - 1995

    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science  Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research

    KATANO Hikoji, OIKAWA Hiroshi, HIGUCHI Isao, HARATA Sumiko, KOH Meiji, KONDO Kazuo, TONA Naoki, KIMURA Koshin, ISHIKAWA Terumi, OHNISHI Yoshihisa, YAMAZAKI Takao, NISHIMURA Akio, NARASAKI Shouichi, WANG Yuru, LU Shengjiang, ZHONG Maochu, HOU Jie, WANG Chuhui, ZHOU Zhihang, TANG Tinggui

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    Grant amount:\6000000 ( Direct Cost: \6000000 )

    This three years project to build a general areal information model of China has been undertaken, since 1993, as a "University-to-University Cooperative Research" program between Nagoya Gakuin University and Nankai University, subsidized by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (International Scientific Research Program) from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture.
    In order to understand a specified area as a whole, we need general information, covering natural environment. ethnic groups, languages, cultures, and socio-economic aspects of the area. All these aspects are systematically inter-related. One part cannot be completely understood without relation to the other parts. In our research we have constructed a model to better understand the system of relationship between each of these aspects. We call this a general areal information model. Using the various techniques available with multimedia (text, statistics, map, picture, voice and sound, etc.), we have attempted to incorporate in this model the various sorts of data each appropriate to its characteristics.
    We have attempted to constract this sort of "general areal information model", focussing in particular on China. Nankai University was selected as our partner of this"University-to-University Cooperative Research", based on the Friendly Exchange Agreement (*******) between Nagoya Gakuin University and Nankai University. We strongly hope that this cooperation will be very helpful to promote our project.
    During the three years, 1993-95, we held joint meetings of both universities, twice each year, altogether six meetings. From these we have produced preliminary general areal information model on China. The results will be published preliminary general areal information model on China. The results will be published soon in Nagoya Gakuin University Discussion Papers. (See (10) REFERENCES)

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